Your Final Essay for Cultural Aspects
Date: Jun 26th, 2008 8:59:13 pm - Subscribe
Mood: blotto


For your final test, you are required to write an essay of approximately five to seven typed pages discussing the eight cultural traits we discussed and relate them to the movies you watched, any background information you have and things we discussed in class.

Your main content should come from the two movies you receive in our last class but any information you come up with will be acceptable. What is not acceptable is "cut and pastes" from the internet.

This essay is due on Friday, 11 July 2008. Sending me an email with your essay is acceptable. My email address is:

inthaihill@gmail.com

Enjoyed our time together and do a good job on your essays.

Cecil
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Eight American Cultural Traits
Date: Jun 26th, 2008 8:49:54 pm - Subscribe
Mood: rested


As promised, the following are the eight cultural traits we discussed in class and you should use in you FINAL ESSAY:

American Traits in a Nutshell

1: Independence 

individuals at heart

self-defined and self-made 

"live free or die" attitude

avoid the sameness of thought and belief found elsewhere in the world

priority placed on individual control and "home rule" 

individuality is allowed to blossom

2: Hard work 

not afraid of hard work

valued the idea that working intensely pays off in spades

hardwork on an individual basis and collectively

laziness was the ultimate sin punishable by hunger, low pay, personal failure and a deserved lack of public esteem

hard work its own reward

no place for slackers

when the going got tough, the tough got going

Examples in WW2:  GI Joe and Rosie the Riveter

personal wealth and satisfaction tied to hard work

3: Inventiveness

necessity is the mother of invention

citizens had to "make do"

new technologies were fabricated on the spot
new money was reinvested to make new discoveries

distinctively American form of music: jazz
one-upmanship in our work and in our individual lives

competition to make things better, stronger, faster and cheaper 

we want, we invent


4: Personal ambition 

all immigrants picked up and moved based on personal ambition

the land of opportunity

our capitalist system rewards personal ambition

fulfill their personal desires vigorously 
Individual happiness

pursuit of dreams

5: Risk-taking

not afraid to put it all on the line to reach a goal

pledged our lives, our fortunes and our sacred honor to get the job done

revolted against powers stronger than ourselves

moved west into a great unknown

split ourselves briefly in two to resolve issue of slavery

legendary risk takers

Risks are precursor for success

continue to risk lives, fortunes and honor for the sake of ideas, for the sake of happiness and wealth, for the sake of love and security

national obsession with sports competition shows risks on a ball field

6: Commitment

stubbornness, dedication or "stick-to-it"

attitude for enterprises and ideas

handy thing for early settlers who faced overwhelming odds

handy for military commanders throughout history

"captains of industry" showed commitment

7: Skepticism

has always exhibited a healthy skepticism
helped to keep progress honest

forced inventors to consider the most efficient means of turning a novelty into an imperative

separates the wheat from the chaff
 
President Reagan's famous "trust but verify"

8: Honesty
 
a man's handshake was as good as his word

intellectually honest, contractually honest, and personally honest

"honesty is the best policy"

"an honest day's pay for an honest day's work"

George Washington and his cherry tree

expected and generally got the truth, the fair shake, and the honorable way



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The Battle Hymn of the Republic
Date: Apr 15th, 2008 1:57:26 am - Subscribe
Mood: Still Singing


The Battle Hymn of the Republic
Julia Ward Howe

Mine eyes have seen the glory of the coming of the Lord

He is trampling out the vintage where the grapes of wrath are stored,

He has loosed the fateful lightening of His terrible swift sword

His truth is marching on.

Glory! Glory! Hallelujah!

Glory! Glory! Hallelujah!
Glory! Glory!
Hallelujah!
His truth is marching on.

I have seen Him in the watch-fires of a hundred circling camps

They have builded Him an altar in the evening dews and damps

I can read His righteous sentence by the dim and flaring lamps

His day is marching on.

Glory! Glory! Hallelujah!

Glory! Glory! Hallelujah!

Glory! Glory! Hallelujah!

His truth is marching on.

I have read a fiery gospel writ in burnish`d rows of steel,

"As ye deal with my contemners, So with you my grace shall deal;"

Let the Hero, born of woman, crush the serpent with his heel

Since God is marching on.

Glory! Glory! Hallelujah!

Glory! Glory! Hallelujah!

Glory! Glory! Hallelujah!

His truth is marching on.

He has sounded forth the trumpet that shall never call retreat

He is sifting out the hearts of men before His judgment-seat

Oh, be swift, my soul, to answer Him! be jubilant, my feet!

Our God is marching on.

Glory! Glory! Hallelujah!

Glory! Glory! Hallelujah!

Glory! Glory! Hallelujah!

His truth is marching on.

In the beauty of the lilies Christ was born across the sea,

With a glory in His bosom that transfigures you and me:

As He died to make men holy, let us die to make men free,

While God is marching on.

Glory! Glory! Hallelujah!

Glory! Glory! Hallelujah!

Glory! Glory! Hallelujah!

His truth is marching on.


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Dixie
Date: Apr 14th, 2008 7:10:32 am - Subscribe
Mood: Singing


Version 1:

O, I wish I was in the land of cotton
Old times there are not forgotten
Look away! Look away!
Look away! Dixie Land.

In Dixie Land where I was born in
Early on one frosty mornin'
Look away! Look away!
Look away! Dixie Land.

Chorus:
O, I wish I was in Dixie!
Hooray! Hooray!
In Dixie Land I'll take my stand
To live and die in Dixie
Away, away,
Away down south in Dixie!

Old Missus marry Will, the weaver,
William was a gay deceiver
Look away! Look away!
Look away! Dixie Land.

But when he put his arm around her
He smiled as fierce as a forty pounder
Look away! Look away!
Look away! Dixie Land.

Chorus:
O, I wish I was in Dixie!
Hooray! Hooray!
In Dixie Land I'll take my stand
To live and die in Dixie
Away, away,
Away down south in Dixie!

His face was sharp as a butcher's cleaver
But that did not seem to grieve her
Look away! Look away!
Look away! Dixie Land.
Old Missus acted the foolish part
And died for a man that broke her heart
Look away! Look away!
Look away! Dixie Land.

Chorus:
O, I wish I was in Dixie!
Hooray! Hooray!
In Dixie Land I'll take my stand
To live and die in Dixie
Away, away,
Away down south in Dixie!


Version 2:

Southorns, hear your country call you,
Up, lest worse than death befall you!
To arms! To arms! To arms, in Dixie!
Lo! all the beacon-fires are lighted,--
Let all hearts be now united!
To arms! To arms! To arms, in Dixie!


Chorus:
Advance the flag of Dixie! Hurrah! Hurrah!
In Dixie's land we take our stand, and live or die for Dixie!
To arms! To arms! And conquer peace for Dixie!
To arms! To arms! And conquer peace for Dixie

Hear the Northern thunders mutter!
Northern flags in South winds flutter!
To arms! To arms! To arms, in Dixie!
Send them back your fierce defiance!
Stamp upon the cursed alliance!
To arms! To arms! To arms, in Dixie!

(Chorus)

Fear no danger! Shun no labor!
Lift up rifle, pike, and saber!
To arms! To arms! To arms, in Dixie!
Shoulder pressing close to shoulder,
Let the odds make each heart bolder!
To arms! To arms! To arms, in Dixie!

(Chorus)

How the South's great heart rejoices
At your cannon's ringing voices!
To arms! To arms! To arms, in Dixie!
For faith betrayed and pledges broken,
Wrongs inflicted, insults spoken,
To arms! To arms! To arms, in Dixie!

(Chorus)

Strong as lions, swift as eagles,
Back to their kennels hunt these beagles!
To arms! To arms! To arms, in Dixie!
Cut the unequal bonds asunder!
Let them hence each other plunder!
To arms! To arms! To arms, in Dixie!

(Chorus)

Swear upon your country's altar
Never to submit or falter--
To arms! To arms! To arms, in Dixie!
Till the spoilers are defeated,
Till the Lord's work is completed!
To arms! To arms! To arms, in Dixie!

(Chorus)

Halt not till our Federation
Secures among earth's powers its station!
To arms! To arms! To arms, in Dixie!
Then at peace and crowned with glory,
Hear your children tell the story!
To arms! To arms! To arms, in Dixie!

(Chorus)

If the loved ones weep in sadness,
Victory soon shall bring them gladness--
To arms! To arms! To arms, in Dixie!
Exultant pride soon vanish sorrow;
Smiles chase tears away to-morrow!
To arms! To arms! To arms, in Dixie!

(Chorus)

I wish I was in the land of cotton,
old times there are not forgotten,
Look away, look away, look away, Dixie land.
In Dixie land where I was born in, early on a frosty mornin',
Look away, look away, look away, Dixie land.

(Chorus)

Then I wish I was in Dixie, hooray! Hooray!
In Dixie land I'll take my stand, to live and die in Dixie,
Away, away, away down south in Dixie,
Away, away, away down south in Dixie.

Old Missus marry Will de Weaber, Will-yum was a gay deceaber,
Look away, look away, look away, Dixie land.
But when he put his arm around her,
smiled as fierce as a forty pounder.
Look away, look away, look away, Dixie land.

(Chorus)

Dars buckwheat cakes an' ingen batter, makes you fat or a little fatter,
Look away, look away, look away, Dixie land.
Den hoe it down and scratch your grabble to Dixie's land
I'm bound to travel,
Look away, look away, look away Dixie land.

(Chorus)

This version is from http://www.civilwarhome.com/dixie.htm


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THE SOUTH & SLAVERY
Date: Apr 5th, 2008 4:35:16 pm - Subscribe
Mood: Historical


"THE PECULIAR INSTITUTION"

- 1/4 of white families ever owned slaves
- only 12% owned 20 slaves
- Thomas Jefferson's Declaration of Independence
- many leaders denounced slavery as incompatible with revolution
- Jefferson’s hope that the institution would wither away
- economic depression of tobacco after revolution encouraged anti-slavery sentiment
- Varieties of Slaves

• Slave Codes

• Paternal Relationship

- Life Under Slavery

• Work Conditions

• High Mortality Rates

• Sexual Abuse

- Slavery in the Cities

• Relative Autonomy of Urban Slaves

- Free Blacks

• New Restrictions on Manumission

- Slave Adaptation and Resistance

THE COTTON ECONOMY

- The Rise of King Cotton

• Declining Tobacco Economy

• Increasing Cotton Cultivation

• Rapid Expansion of Slavery

- Southern Trade and Industry

• Obstacles to Economic Development

- Southern White Society

• The Planter Class

- Planter Aristocracy’s Dominance
- The Aristocratic Ideal

• The “Southern Lady”

- Female Sub-ordinance Reinforced

• The Plain Folk

- Inadequate Educational Opportunities

THE POLITICAL DEBATE

- Northwest Ordinance

• No slavery in new states

- Missouri Compromise 1820

- 1836 "Gag rule" in Congress refusing to consider petitions relating to slavery J.Q. Adams

MORAL QUESTIONS

- Christianity

• strong religious statements against human bondage

- Whirlwind evangelistic campaigns through N.E. West
- Theodore Dwight Weld (convert of Charles Finney)
- Famous Lanes Debate 18 days & nights

• conversion of student body at Lanes Seminary

THE CRUSADE AGAINST SLAVERY

- Early Opposition to Slavery

• American Colonization Society

- Liberia 1820
- Anti-Slavery Society
- 1000 local antislavery societies with 100,000 members
- pamphlets sent to south
- The Growth of Abolitionism

• before 1830 organized anti slavery movement small

• British Parliament's widely-publicized debates

• against slavery in early 30's

- Agitators

• William Lloyd Garrison "The Liberator”

• “I am in earnest--I will not equivocate--I will not excuse--I will not retreat a single inch--and I will be heard.”

• Harriet Beecher Stowe ”Uncle Tom’s Cabin”

• David Walker - black cloth dealer "The Appeal"

• Elijah Lovejoy - killed

• Frederick Douglass

– Violent Uprisings


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