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Final grades have been submitted to the office. Jun 26th, 2008 4:49:49 am - Subscribe
Mood |

All tests have been corrected, and final grades have been submitted to the office. Your test also shows your final grade as “term grade”. The circled grade on your test is your test 2 grade. If anyone has any questions about their grade, please send me an email at ganbaorui_2006@163.com. I will keep this email in the future.

I am quite impressed with students’ performance this year. You have worked hard, attended class regularly, and it has paid off. The spring term class average grades were all above 80%, and most classes were closer to 85%. The spring term attendance rate was nearly 100% in all classes, and the lowest attendance rate was still very good at 98%. Good work this year!

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book 2 unit 15 answers Jun 13th, 2008 7:42:15 am - Subscribe
Mood |

(Test 2 week 17)

Task 1 skip

Task 2 skip

Task 3
A. T, F, T, F
B. Shelter for the Homeless, an issue of six stamps, building homes, information, the UN, governments, institutions, worldwide

Task 4 skip

Task 5
A. medals table
a. USA; gold 39, silver 25, bronze 33, total 97
b. Russia; gold 32, silver 28, bronze 28, total 88
c. China; gold 28, silver 16, bronze 15, total 59
B. F, T, F, T, F, F

Task 6 skip

Task 7
high, downturn, investment, reforms, terrorism, slowdown, 7.3 percent, 10, 8, similar, cars, houses, tours, internal, money, markets, barriers, domestic

Task 8 skip

Task 9
1. He was a suspect in connection with the “I Love You” computer virus that has damaged millions of computers worldwide.
2. They seized the telephone, computer magazines, and wiring.
3. No.
4. a Swedish teenager who was a computer whiz

Task 10
A. 1D, 2A, 3C, 4B
B. C, B, D, A
C. fallen, criticize, sensitive, confidence, probe, question, independent, so, forward, principal, broadcaster, envied, cherished
D. skip

Task 11 dictation

Newspapers are one of the main sources from which we learn what is going on-in world politics, science, local government, the arts, fashion, food, education, and sports. The papers we choose show our interests and usually the politics which we believe in. There are nine national daily newspapers in Britain, of which five are tabloids and four are quality papers. Do these newspapers really serve the people they are written for? Many people question the objectivity of newspapers. How objective are they? We might be better able to judge if we understand how a newspaper is produced. Reporters, of course, are the source from which the facts must come, but there are many other people who are involved in and influence newspapers.

Part 2

Speaking to researchers and experts on climate, health, and energy here at the summit, one gets the distinct impression that this is a science conference disguised as a political meeting. Every one of what the UN calls its five “we have” themes-water, energy, health, agriculture, and biodiversity-requires the world’s scientific community to come up with the means to achieve sustainable development, and researchers meeting here in Johannesburg know it. Many express dismay that too much of the summit was dominated by political speeches and that not enough had been heard from the researchers whose discoveries and inventions will help shape sustainable development into the future. Geoff Sacks, the special advisor to the UN Secretary General Kofi Annan, says major investment to develop new technologies is needed. There’s also an urgent need for better monitoring systems to keep track of the earth’s dwindling biodiversity and water resources. And the chief scientific advisor to the World Bank, Bob Watson, told me the agreements to allow scientists to move forward on sustainable development are already there. The conventions on biological diversity, on desertification; agreements on forests, climate change, and water; are all in place-some were agreed back in the 1980s. What’s needed now, he said, is the financial commitment, especially from rich states, to make those agreements work.

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book 2 unit 14 answers Jun 6th, 2008 3:40:04 am - Subscribe
Mood |

Task 1
A. multiple choice; A,C,B,A,B
B. fill in the blanks
1. animals, mice, rats, monkeys
2. mice
3. ongoing
4. healthy diet, amount
5. one, each day

Task 2 skip

Task 3 skip

Task 4
A. fill in the blanks: inventions, immediate, manufactured goods, growth, farms, grew up, coal, iron, pleasant, over-crowded
B. factory, long, low, common, children, women and children, 10 years old, mines, 10 working hours/day for women and for boys under 18, form unions
C. questions
1. Socialists demanded complete changes in the system of government and the way people earned their living. But other social reformers only wanted to achieve their goals by passing new laws.
2. The Consequences of the Industrial Revolution in Britain

Task 5 skip

Task 6
A. multiple choice; C,B,C
B. fill in the chart
a. Professor Potts; no; If there are any monsters, why hasn’t anyone caught one yet?; Why aren’t there any really clear photos of one?
b. Macadam; yes; He says he has seen it.
c. Dr. Hunt; He didn’t believe in the idea, but now he is not so sure; He believes there may be something unusual in Lock Ness; He says the underwater world is full of mysteries.

Task 7
A. true false; F,T,F,F,T
B. questions
1. The dispute is over genetically modified crops.
2. Biotech foods come from material that has been genetically modified by scientists to resist insects or disease.
3. European consumers feared possible health risks from these new foods.
4. The foods must be clearly labeled and the producers must trace the GMFs at all stages of production.
5. The aid contained biotech grain, which Africans feared could be used as seed and thereby threaten future exports to the EU.

Task 8
A. skip
B. skip
C. fill in the chart
a. The First Power Station; 800, 95 percent, tower, computers, sun, 400, pipes, steam, drive
b. The Second Power Station; 2,500; football stands, the sun, mirrors, light, vacuum tube, steam, drive

Task 9 dictation

The future will not determine itself. The future is determined by the actions of the present day. Edward Cornish, the editor of The Futurist magazine published by the World Future Society, says: “The responsibility we have for the future begins when we recognize that we ourselves create the future—that the future is not something imposed upon us by fate or other forces beyond our control. We ourselves build the future both through what we do and what we do not do.” A novel way of teaching may change the way universities are run. An engineering teacher at the American University of Illinois has had great success without textbooks, without exams, and without deadlines. His students won nine of the top ten engineering awards in a university competition. The engineering professor, Ricardo Uribe, let his engineering students express themselves, instead of telling them what to do. His students all focused on the problems that interested them, not what their teacher told them. They worked their own hours set by the university. They did not have to sit tests, and they helped each other in open classes.

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test 2 week 17 information (listening book 2) May 30th, 2008 9:53:07 am - Subscribe
Mood |

Test 2 will cover units 9-15 in the “Contemporary College English” book 2. The test will have two sections, but the dictation section will be somewhat different this time.
Section 1 will be as before. Students will listen to me read a passage and then answer questions about it (multiple choice, fill in the blanks, or true / false questions could all be on the exam). I will allow students one minute to review the questions about the passage before I read it and two minutes to answer the questions once I have finished reading. Section 1 will test the student’s ability to focus on key words and phrases, take accurate notes, and then answer questions.
Section 1 will be worth 75% of the test grade.

Section 2 will be dictation. I will read a short passage with 100 content words, once only, and students will fill in the blanks in a number of sentences. This is basically like the original dictation section, but students will not concentrate on writing entire sentences, only certain content words, which they will write in the blanks. Students will have five minutes to go back and make sure the words they wrote make sense. Section 2 will test the student’s ability to listen carefully and write down the content words. Section 2 will be worth 25% of the test grade.

The time and date for Test 2 for all classes is during normal class time for your class in week 17.

How to Study

Listen to the MP3s for the book, reading the questions before listening.

The questions from the second book are more challenging than book one. First, the answers to questions don’t appear in order in the passage. This means you have to take good notes using content words. Second, the key words don’t always help you because sometimes the key words in the questions use a “synonym” in the passage. That means that another word is used that means the same thing. Third, there are more questions that require you to make a judgment or inference based on what you hear. In other words, you won’t actually hear the answer. I will not put any questions on Test 2 which require students to guess what the answer might be. All questions will have only one possible best answer. Fourth, the fill in the blanks questions are more like the dictation section, which most of you find more difficult than the other questions, because you have to fill in longer blanks with phrases and sentences at times. For all of the above reasons, Test 2 is more difficult than test one.

Of course, if students need help, they should contact me.
I am available during office hours and will do what I can to help everyone prepare.

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book 2 unit 13 answers May 30th, 2008 9:28:52 am - Subscribe
Mood |

Task 1
1. He was wearing rubber boots and a dirty jacket. He needed a haircut badly and was unshaven.
2. It was hard for him to believe such a man could afford to buy sixteen expensive cars.
3. He asked the young man to leave.
4. He went to a showroom on the other side of the street and asked for sixteen cars.
5. He took a bundle of notes out of his pocket and paid for the cars in cash.
6. He explained that the cars were for himself and his fifteen colleagues. He and his colleagues worked on a Norwegian fishing-boat. They had all earned a lot of money that season, and they wanted to buy cars.

Task 2
A.
1. It is Victorian brass.
2. The stallholder says it’s worth twenty quid.
3. The stallholder is asking fifteen for it.
4. It means pound.
5. He says that the customer must be joking, and he paid more than that for it himself.
B.
1. fifteen, fourteen, thirteen, and twelve fifty
2. ten, eleven, twelve, and twelve fifty

Task 3
A. make out, draw out, letters, only, words, amount, numbers, last, signature
B. the date in top right corner, “cash” on first line next to “pay”, “twenty pounds only” under that line, “20” in numbers written to the right of that, a signature underneath the box

Task 4 skip

Task 5 skip

Task 6
1. It means that we don’t carry most of our weekly or monthly wage around in our pockets, and we don’t leave it at home where it might easily be stolen.
2. We don’t want to travel around the city with hundreds of dollars in cash to pay bills, nor do we want to waste the time and carfare.
3. The author recommends an account that is a savings and a checking account in one.
4. Often commercial banks have many offices in a city or town.
5. You sign you name on the back of the check, mark it “for deposit only”, and deposit the money in your account.
6. It is generally about 4 dollars per month or 15 cents for every check you write.
7. You should have received in the mail all your bills, such as the rent, gas, electricity, phone, and perhaps a doctor or dentist bill.
8. You can use a small plastic card to tell the computer to transfer the same amount of money from your savings to your checking account.
9. No, it doesn’t.
10. The computer will oblige as long as you have the amount you’re asking for in your account.

Task 7

A. true false
false, false, true, false, true
B. questions
1. The goods bought by hire purchase are, in almost every case, goods that will last—radio and television sets, washing machines, refrigerators, motor-cars, motor-cycles, and articles of furniture.
2. It helps newly-married couples with small incomes to furnish their homes; increases the demand for goods, and in this way helps trade and employment; and by hire purchase, families can spend less money, or perhaps no money, in useless or perhaps harmful ways, for example, on too much alcoholic drink.
3. There is the danger that when trade is bad, hire purchase buying may end suddenly and make trade much worse, with, as a result, a great increase in unemployment.

Task 8
Fill in the account form: the correct form is “current account form”; full name “Helen Andrews”; address “33 Bedford Road, London E14”; amount in pounds “2,000”; check book “yes”; rate of interest “no”

Task 9 skip

Task 10 dictation

An old man died and left his son a lot of money. But the son was a foolish young man, and he quickly spent all the money, so that soon he had nothing left. Of course, when that happened, all his friends left him. When he was quite poor and alone, he went to see Nasreddin, who was a kind, clever, old man who often helped people when they had troubles. “My money has finished and my friends have gone,” said the young man. “What will happen to me now?” “Don’t worry, young man,” answered Nasreddin. “Everything will soon be all right again. Wait and you will soon feel much happier.” The young man was very glad. “Am I going to get rich again then?” he asked Nasreddin. “No, I didn’t mean that,” said the old man. “I meant that you would soon get used to being poor and to having no friends.”

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book 2 unit 12 answers May 23rd, 2008 3:55:35 am - Subscribe
Mood |

Task 1 skip

Task 2 skip

Task 3 fill in the chart
Greece: The weather is nice and warm. And the people are lovely. I love swimming there.
Nepal: I like the purity of soul of the people there. They’re the nicest, most direct, most un-neurotic people that I’ve ever met anywhere in the world.
Switzerland: Switzerland was grand.
Cyprus: The food was wonderful. The people were wonderful. The sun was wonderful. And the sea was wonderful. Cyprus is a lovely place.
Brazil: I was lucky enough to go there a couple of years ago. The thing that impressed me most of all were the people and how friendly they were.

Task 4 skip

Task 5 skip

Task 6

A. a few hundred meters off the coast of; 64,000; 8,000
B. questions
1. The population of Skye is getting smaller. Its young people are being tempted by mainland life and the chance of better pay.
2. His plan is to build a bridge linking Skye with the mainland. He thinks this will bring new work to the island and stop people from going away from their homes.
3. They think that the bridge will bring too many tourists to Skye and take away the island’s independence and character.
C. C

Task 7

A. fill in the blanks
parks, museums and shops, in the center of, farther out, 450, in the 16th century, in 1835
B. fill in the chart
St. Jame’s Park: close to Buckingham Palace and the government offices in Whitehall; very attractive with a long, narrow lake, which is occupied by ducks and other water birds
Green Park: very close to the palace, very bare
Hyde Park: no location given; famous for the Serpentine, a lake; and for Speaker’s Corner
Richmond Park: in the southwest of London; There are still deer there
Kensington Gardens: next to Hyde Park; very popular with both the old and the young; On warmer days there are always people at the Round Pond, where they come to sail their model boats.
Regent’s Park: no location given, famous for its lake and its flowers, as well as for the London Zoo; There is also an open-air theater, where the public can see many of Shakespeare’s plays in the summer months.

Task 8

A. questions
1. They are in the desert in southern Peru near the Nazca City.
2. The lines were discovered in the early 1930’s
3. Because the forms were so big, they were difficult to see from the ground, only visible from the air. They were not discovered until aircraft flew over this region.
B. fill in the blanks
37 miles long, 1 mile wide, straight lines, parallel, strange symbols, on a giant scale, 200 B.C., 600 A.D.

Task 9 skip

Task 10
fill in the summary:
How did New York become America’s largest city?; geography, history, economics, Northeast, heavily, seaports, meet, raw materials, finished goods, 1815, the ports, the central regions of the country, the best solution, 1825, were cut to about one-tenth of what they had been, the leading city of the coast, the railroads, tied, even more closely, Exports, imports, were eager to, as a result, receiving people from European countries, homes, goods, services, labor

Task 11 dictation
London is one of the biggest cities in the world. It has a population of over 8 million. Some people like it very much because there is a lot to do there, and it is very interesting. There are hundreds of cinemas, theaters, museums, and restaurants there. But other people don’t like it because there is so much traffic and noise everywhere. Brighton is a medium-sized town with a population of around 300,000. It is on the coast, about 50 miles from London. Of course, it isn’t as interesting as London, but the air is a lot cleaner and better. There are a few factories, but not many. It isn’t very easy to find a good job there. But there are a lot of hotels and language schools in the town, and in the summer the town is full of tourists.

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book 2 unit 11 answers May 16th, 2008 5:02:55 am - Subscribe
Mood |

Task 1

A. questions
1. It had quite a warm climate then.
2. About 150 million years ago Gondwanaland began to break up, and the Antarctic moved southwards until it reached its present position.
3. 99 percent of the total area of Antarctica is covered by a massive ice sheet.
B. fill in the blanks
1. Africa, Australia
2. small dog, (former) land connection, animals and plants
3. penguin

Task 2 skip

Task 3
A. questions
1. Until 1980, it had been quiet for more than a hundred years.
2. It was strange. No birds were singing, and the air was still.
3. He was standing near the summit and reporting the eruption on radio.
B. fill in the blanks
Washington, 35, 1980, 123, recreation, summit, tremors, small eruptions, no danger, 1980, dust, ash, rocks, mud, 40, peaceful, empty

Task 4
1. Mrs. Rakel Surlien is the Norwegian Minister of Environmental Protection, and she is about to begin a three-day visit to Britain.
2. Britain
3. Britain insists the case against acid rain in general and its contribution in particular is far from proven.
4. Sweden
5. It refers to a group of some 20 nations which are committed to reducing sulfur dioxide by a third.
6. Norway is against Britain in the dispute over acid rain in spite of its cordial approach.

Task 5
A. questions
1. four out of five, survive, rosy, forest flower, for centuries
2. 2,000; fight cancer, 40, wildlife, the rainforest
3. drugs, a South American tree, blood pressure, the snakeroot plant from Indian forests
4. foods, tropical forests, winged bean
5. rubber, oils, one, examined, 99, threatened
B. fill in the blanks
fish, aquatic life, forest, power stations, remain isolated

Task 6 skip

Task 7 skip

Task 8

A. fill in the table
1991, Jane Goodall, environmental, humanitarian; more than 4,000 groups in 68 countries; animals, environment, communities, creep underground everywhere, break through brick walls to reach light, all the problems
B. skip

Task 9 skip

Task 10 skip

Task 11
Planet Earth is 4,600,000,000 years old. If we condense this time span, we can compare it to a person 46 years old. Only at the age of 42 did the Earth begin to flower. Dinosaurs and the great reptiles did not appear until one year ago when the planet was 45. Mammals arrived only eight months ago, and in the middle of last week human-like apes developed into ape-like humans. And last weekend the last ice-age covered the earth. Modern man has been around for 4 hours. During the last hour agriculture was discovered. The Industrial Revolution began a minute ago. Since then, we have multiplied our numbers to plague proportions, caused the extinction of 500 species of animals, turned the planet upside down in the search for fuels; and now we stand, arrogant with power, on the edge of a war to end all wars and close to effectively destroying this oasis of life in the solar system.

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book 2 unit 10 answers May 9th, 2008 8:03:16 am - Subscribe
Mood |

Task 1

A. brave men, at the long river mouth, homeland
B. T,F,T

Task 2 skip

Task 3
people who hunted animals; animals they wanted to catch and kill; on the walls of caves in France and Spain; perhaps pictures had a magic purpose, perhaps the painters thought that their pictures would help them to catch these animals, or perhaps human beings have always wanted to tell stories in pictures

the Egyptians and other people in the Near East; things and ideas, and also the sounds of their language; by putting picture-writing and pictures together

people who lived in the area around the Mediterranean Sea; because each sign or letter represented only one sound in their language; the Romans

drawings, photographs, signs, and diagrams

Task 4 skip

Task 5
1. during the 18th and early 19th centuries
2. the harnessing of a whole range of newly devised machinery, first water wheels and then steam
3. Large factories replaced small workshops and craftsman’s cottages.
4. People wanted to transport goods and raw materials more cheaply and efficiently.
5. less than 100 years
6. industrial sites have been restored, buildings saved, and machinery preserved

Task 6

A.
1. T
2. F
3. T
4. F
5. T
6. F
B. skip


Task 7 skip

Task 8

A. sundials, candles, water clocks, 600, 1657, grandfather clocks, minute and second hands, by 1900, electric clocks
B. skip

Task 9 skip

Task 10

The University of Oxford, situated in the city of Oxford, England, is the oldest university in the English-speaking world. The universities of Oxford and Cambridge are sometimes referred to collectively as Oxbridge. The two universities have a long history of competition with each other, as they are the two oldest and most famous universities in England. The date of Oxford’s foundation is unknown, and indeed it may not have been a single event, but there is evidence of teaching there as early as 1096. When Henry II of England forbade English students to study at the University of Paris in 1167, Oxford began to grow very quickly. The foundation of the first halls of residence, which later became colleges, dates from this period and later. Following the murder of two students accused of rape in 1209, the university was disbanded, and this led to the foundation of the University of Cambridge. In 1214, the University returned to Oxford with a charter, and the university’s status was formally confirmed.

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book two unit 9 answers May 2nd, 2008 5:16:53 am - Subscribe
Mood |

Task 1
the campus hero, the women’s track coach, the class started before I got here, some camera film, will develop, cloudy, the glass is a little dirty, a symbol of happiness, wear black

Task 2
preferences: French, Dane speaking English, French speaking English, Mediterranean accents, Swedish accent
Reasons: (French) melodic; easy on the ear; poetic; a rhythm to the language; rounded; no sharp, jagged edges; pleasing to the ear, (Dane speaking English) beautiful, low, sensitive, very soft quality; (French speaking English) nice pronunciation of “h” and “th”; very nice, steady rhythms; gentle and lyrical, (Mediterranean accents) Mediterranean culture; gives English life; beautiful mixture of the serious Northern European and the Southern European; (Swedish accent) makes her smile; sing-songy; makes her want to imitate.

Task 3 skip

Task 4
A.
1. T
2. T
3. F
4. T
5. F
B.
1. B
2. C
3. A
4. C
5. C
6. B

Task 5
1. A mother leaving her baby with a babysitter
2. skip
3. Two friends talking about their holiday together
4. skip
5. Two women are talking in the doctor’s waiting room
6. skip

Task 6 skip

Task 7 skip

Task 8
In contemporary English, there are many reported differences in the talk of males and females. In same gender pairs having conversations, women generally discuss their personal feelings more than men. Men appear to prefer non-personal topics such as sport and news. Men tend to respond to an expression of feelings or problems by giving advice or solutions, while women are more likely to mention personal experiences that match or connect with the other woman’s. There is a pattern documented in the American English social context of women cooperating and seeking connection via language, whereas men are more competitive and concerned with power via language.

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book 2 unit 8 answers Apr 18th, 2008 5:43:17 am - Subscribe
Mood |

Task 1

A. interest rates, third time, shrunk, first time, A fall, employment, higher
B.
1. 0.25 percent, 5.5 percent, 0.25 percent, 5 percent, inflation
2. four tenths of 1 percent (0.4 percent)
3. two points, More jobs
4. 1 percent, 89; 10,205; under control

Task 2

A.
1. F
2. F
3. T
B.
manned, third, the Soviet Union, a person, Shenzhou 5, the Gobi Desert, Inner Mongolia, Thursday, 14, about 20, importance, modernity

Task 3

A.
1. D
2. B
3. A
4. A
B. skip
C. skip

Task 4
values, community, national pride, problems, solutions, economic stability, welfare reform, crime, left and right, new politics

Task 5

A. skip
B.
1. e
2. f
3. b
4. d
5. a
6. c
C. skip

Task 6

A.
1. because of the outbreak of dengue fever
2. more than 80,000
3. severe headaches, fever, and vomiting
4. He considers it his countries biggest political weakness.
B.
1. The EU has banned all imports of animal products from the Netherlands.
2. The Dutch government has confirmed four cases of foot-and-mouth disease.
3. Only Britain and France have been affected by the disease.
4. Officials have seized some sheep suspected of having mad cow disease.

Task 7 skip

Task 8

A.
1. C
2. C
3. A
B. signed, withdrawn, weaken/harm the American economy, push/persuade, flexible, plant more trees, pollution, weaker, foreign investment, clean
C. skip

Task 9
Septemeber 19th, three days, child activists, non-governmental organizations, actions, a good education for all children, the chance for all children to become an important part of their communities, the progress, seventy-one heads of state and government, a treaty aimed at improving the lives of children around the world, the rights of children, (former) world leaders, creators, educating children, protecting them from war, fighting AIDS, get involved, take action, work for change

Task 10 dictation

The United Nations Food and Agriculture Association says hunger kills millions of people each year, especially children. The UN organization says millions more people will die unless more money is invested to fight against hunger. This is based on the results of a new UN study called “The State of Food Insecurity in the World, 2002”. If found that more than nine million people die each year from hunger. Six million of them are children younger than age five. Researchers also found that the number of starving people is growing in some parts of the world. The report says that about eight hundred and forty million people around the world are not getting enough food to eat. Ninety-five percent of these people are in developing countries.

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test 1 information (listening book 2) Apr 15th, 2008 8:44:43 am - Subscribe
Mood |

Test 1 will cover units 1-8 in the “Contemporary College English” book 2. The test will have two sections, and the procedure and format will be identical to the first tests (2007-1Y and 2007-2Y have not taken my tests before, so read below).

Section 1 will be listening to me read a passage and then answering questions about it (multiple choice, fill in the blanks, or true / false questions could all be on the exam). I will allow students one minute to review the questions about the passage before I read it and two minutes to answer the questions once I have finished reading. Section 1 will test the student’s ability to focus on key words and phrases, take accurate notes, and then answer questions.
Section 1 will be worth 75% of the test grade.

Section 2 will be dictation. I will read a short passage (less than 100 words) once only, and students will write down what they hear. Students will have five minutes to go back and add functional words to what they took notes on while listening. Although Section 2, dictation, will have only a few sentences, it will be challenging. Section 2 will test the student’s ability to listen carefully, write down content words, and then put the passage back together using only what they wrote during the dictation.
Section 2 will be worth 25% of the test grade.

The time and date for Test 2 for all classes is during normal class time for your class in week 9.

How to Study

Listen to the MP3s for the book, reading the questions before listening.

The questions from the second book are more challenging than book one. First, the answers to questions don’t appear in order in the passage. This means you have to take good notes using content words. Second, the key words don’t always help you because sometimes the key words in the questions use a “synonym” in the passage. That means that another word is used that means the same thing. Third, there are more questions that require you to make a judgment or inference based on what you hear. In other words, you won’t actually hear the answer. I will not put any questions on Test 2 which require students to guess what the answer might be. All questions will have only one possible best answer. Fourth, the fill in the blanks questions are more like the dictation section, which most of you find more difficult than the other questions, because you have to fill in longer blanks with phrases and sentences at times. For all of the above reasons, Test 2 is more difficult than test one.

Of course, if students need help, they should contact me.
I am available during office hours and will do what I can to help everyone prepare.

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Get the MP3s! Apr 15th, 2008 8:22:20 am - Subscribe
Mood |

If you are having trouble getting the MP3s from your classmates, you best get in touch with me as soon as possible to get them from me. I remind you that the test will be on the tasks that are reasonably easy to hear on the MP3s only. I will not test you on the tasks from the MP3s that are unclear or fuzzy sounding.

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book 2 unit 7 answers Apr 13th, 2008 1:03:36 am - Subscribe
Mood |

Task 1
1. He wrote an astonishing number of books.
2. Mankind would have to create a world state.
3. No.
4. Cities were destroyed by bombs dropped from airplanes.
5. The War in the Air, The First Men in the Moon, The Time Machine, and The Invisible Man
6. Events forecasted in Wells’ books might come true.

Task 2

A.
1. B
2. C
3. C
4. A
B.
tall, narrow, large, tousled, surveyed, half-closed, taking a long stride, capable, flexible, still life, faded, frayed, tilted his head, smiled, walked forward, with a flourish

Task 3

A.
1. F
2. T
3. F
4. F
5. F
6. T
7. F
8. T
B.
dramatic sunsets and sunrises, 1830s, 1840s, impressionistic, reds, oranges, 1820

Task 4 skip

Task 5

A. Nobel Peace Prize, twelfth, first, Peace on earth depends on our ability to secure our living environment, Green Belt Movement, Kenyan, 64, the United States, Kenya, earn a doctorate degree, animal science; environment, natural resources, and wildlife

B. 1977, plant trees all over Africa, thirty million, seeds, nurseries, communities, planting, taking care of the trees, survives, fuel

Task 6
Norway, the United States, a lack of balance, inflation, recession, low interest rates, increased government spending, higher interest rates, low employment, high inflation, high employment, low inflation, time consistency problem, business cycles, new technology, market corrections, an increase in oil prices

Task 7 skip

Task 8
the ability to laugh, luxury, a unifying force, disagree, ideological factions, political camps, a sense of humor, a universal appeal, a correct sense of values, taking ourselves too seriously, tragedy, comedy, irony, satire, redress the balance, arrogant, politicians, absurdity, powerful, laughter, happiness, uniquely human, key

Task 9 skip

Task 10 dictation

Thomas Edison was often said to be the greatest genius of his age. There are only a few men in all of history who have changed the lives of other men as much as the inventor of the first useful electric light. But Edison could never be happy just because someone said he was a genius. “There is no such thing as genius,” Edison said. He said that what people called genius was mostly hard work. But Edison was a dreamer as well as a worker. From his earliest days as a child he wondered about the secrets of nature. Nature, he often said, is full of secrets. He tried to understand them; then, he tried to learn what could usefully be done with them. Edison enjoyed thinking. He knew that most people would do almost anything instead of the difficult work of thinking, especially if they did not think very often. But he knew, too, that thinking could give men enjoyment and pleasure.

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book 2 unit 6 answers Apr 4th, 2008 6:24:57 am - Subscribe
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Task 1

A. dbaec

B. A

Task 2

A.
1. A
2. B
3. D
4. C
B.
1. T
2. T
3. F
C. wondered, television plays, exciting, every cigarette lighter, tape recorder, held in a certain way, the touch of a gold ring against the hand of, reveal, How wrong they were

Task 3
A. names: Harry, Nora, Robert, Peter
ideal careers: sailor, farmer, civil engineer, racing driver or explorer
B
1. A
2. B
3. C
4. B
5. D

Task 4
correspondent, columnist, may not need either, to go to places where events take place and write stories about them, first, bigger, better, who will soon leave to work for other people, working hours, free time, works long hours to begin with

Task 5

A.
1. ade
2. abe
B.
1. she is the wrong sex
2. she wears the wrong clothes
Task 6 skip

Task 7

A.
1. F
2. F
3. T
4. F
5. T
6. F

B.
1. According to the first speaker, it is frustrating because the teacher cannot see clearly the results of his efforts.
2. According to the second speaker, English language teaching is a good job because it guarantees a stable income and regular working hours and means less pressure. He also likes the way elderly teachers are.

Task 8 skip

Task 9 skip

Task 10 skip

Task 11 dictation (this dictation is from the MP3, not the one you heard in class)

I began my career during college, reporting on news stories at a Toronto radio station. The station’s program manager was also a professor who taught one of my classes. I convinced her that she needed a youth reporter because that year was International Youth Year. After graduation, I took a job as a television news reporter, and later, news anchor. But sports reporting was something different, so I decided to try it. Figure skating was my first assignment. I had two months until my new job began. It was like waiting an entire summer for school to start. I spent those two months talking to figure skating coaches and judges. I read boring rule books. I drove to the rinks where the skaters trained and made notes about our conversations. I even took a lesson, which made some of the skaters laugh.

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book 2 unit 5 answers Mar 28th, 2008 6:00:32 am - Subscribe
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Task 1

A.
1. people’s ideas on permanent education
2. One is an ordinary “man on the street”. The other is an educational psychologist.
3. The first person thinks this idea of permanent education is crazy. He can’t understand people who want to spend all their lives in school. The second person thinks that the idea of permanent education is practical because people are never really too old to go on learning.
B.
was, hated, stand, got out, all their lives, certain limits, age limits

Task 2

A.
Age: four, five, seven
Schooling: Nursery School, Infant’s School, Junior School

B.
1. He stayed there for a year.
2. He has faint, but very pleasant memories of it. He had fun and played games, including story-telling, drawing, singing, and dancing.
3. He began to have more formal lessons and even worry about exams.
4. The exam was called the “eleven plus”. Students took the exam to see what kind of secondary school they would get into.

Task 3 (skip)

Task 4

A.
Interviewees: Kate, Rolf, Jane, and Raoul
Position on This Topic For/Against: for, against, against, for
Argument(s)/Reasons(s): It’s difficult to teach children these days, when many of them know they won’t get jobs. It’s hard to control the class if you can’t punish them; It always has been difficult to be a teacher. But you don’t have to use violence. It’s impossible to teach students about nonviolence and being good citizens when you are violent yourself; (no reason given); It’s impossible to teach the rest of the class if you have on student who constantly misbehaves. It’s bad for the others.
B. skip

Task 5

A.
1. because the television program by that name can now be seen in many parts of the world.
2. This program is very popular among children. Some educators object to certain elements in the program. Parents praise it highly. Many teachers also consider it a great help, though some teachers find that problems arise when first graders who have learned from “Sesame Street” are in the same class with children who have not watched the program.
3. in order to increase the number of children who can watch it regularly
4. educational theories of its creators, support from the government and businesses, and the skillful use of a variety of TV tricks; mothers watch the show with their children to see the stars; It makes each child feel able to learn.
B.
six million, regularly, half, economic, racial, geographical, fifty, Spanish, Portuguese, German, one hundred thousand, English, every two weeks; songs, stories, jokes, pictures; numbers, letters, human relationships

Task 6

A.
1. It is to have all public schools connected to the Internet computer system and computers available for all students.
2. Its web site provides information about the school, the teachers, and their email addresses. It also lists student events and organizations.
3. They learn numbers and letters. They also learn how to use the computers they need later in their education.

B.
1994, 45 percent, last year, 89 percent, universities, colleges, urge, require

Task 7

A.
spoken, written, saying poetry aloud, giving speeches, advanced degrees, field of study, custom, candidates, doctor’s degree, written, nineteenth, the great increase in population, the development of modern industry, objective, facts, personal opinions, memory of facts and details, range of knowledge, a fairer chance, easier, quicker, learning, essay, long answers, broad general questions, the element of luck, put facts together into a meaningful whole, really knowing much about the subject, have trouble expressing their ideas in essay form, examiner’s feelings at the time of reading the answer, unsatisfactory, along with
B.
B

Task 8

Americans know that higher education is the key to the growth they need to lift their country, and today that is truer than ever. Just listen to these facts. Over half the new jobs created in the last three years have been managerial and professional jobs. The new jobs require a higher level of skills. Fifteen years ago the typical worker with a college degree made 38 percent more than a worker with a high school diploma. Today that figure is 73 percent more. Two years of college means a 20 percent increase in annual earnings. People who finish two years of college earn a quarter of a million dollars more than their high school counterparts over a lifetime.

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test 1 and MP3s Mar 24th, 2008 7:28:23 am - Subscribe
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Remember Test 1 is coming soon in week 9.

Test 1 questions might be from any tasks we have covered in class from units 1-8 in listening class book 2.

Your class monitor will have the MP3s for units 1-4 by the end of this week. I suggest you copy them and use them to study from. The MP3s for units 5, 6, 7, and 8 will be released the following week after we cover each of those units in class. This way you can begin studying them right away.

If you need help studying for the test, look at the syllabus below for how to reach me.

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book 2 unit 4 answers Mar 24th, 2008 7:12:21 am - Subscribe
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Task 1

1. They were orphans and had nobody to support them.
2. Each boy was given only one bowl of gruel for supper and no more; far from enough.
3. The boys were so hungry that they could not bear it anymore. They decided that one of them must ask the master for more gruel. Oliver Twist was chosen by casting lots.
4. He never thought that any boy would dare to ask for more food than the given portion. Therefore, he was both surprised and angry on hearing Oliver’s request.
5. He was struck on the head by the master and pushed out of the room. And for a week Oliver remained a prisoner in the cellar.

Task 2

A.
1. F
2. F
3. T
B. skip

Task 3

A. Lewis Carroll, mathematics, Oxford University, Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland, 1865, Through the Looking-Glass, 1871
B. These stories are about a dream world in which Alice meets strange creatures and has interesting adventures.

Task 4 skip

Task 5

A.
1. C
2. A
B.
1. All the animals thought that he was the king of beasts. Actually he was a coward. He was afraid of human beings and other big animals. He roared only to scare them away and never really hurt them.
2. Dorothy and her dog wanted to get back to Kansas. The Scarecrow wanted some brains, the Tinman wanted a heart, and the Lion wanted to have courage.

Task 6 skip

Task 7

A.
1. a red, red rose that’s newly sprung in June and a melody that sweetly played in tune
2. He will love her till all the seas run dry, the rocks melt with the sun, and as long as the sands of life shall run.
3. Yes, he is going to leave her. But he will come back no matter how far it is.
B.
June and tune, I and dry, sun and run, while and mile

Task 8 skip

Task 9
a young prince who lived on land, rose to the surface of the sea and waited for the prince to come to her, never came, a witch, changed her fish’s tail into a pair of human legs, she gave the witch her tongue, the prince’s palace, her feet hurt terribly, didn’t love her, young princess, dived back into the sea, a spirit of the air and lived forever

Task 10

A.
1. B
2. C
3. B
4. A
5. A
B.
1. e
2. b
3. a
4. d
5. c

Task 11 skip

Task 12 dictation

Aesop was a very clever man who lived in Greece thousands of years ago. He wrote many good fables. He was known to be fond of jokes. One day, as he was enjoying a walk, he met a traveler, who greeted him and said, “Kind man, can you tell me how soon I shall get to town?” “Go,” Aesop answered. “I know I must go,” said the traveler, “but I should like you to tell me how soon I shall get to town.” “Go,” Aesop said again angrily. “This man must be mad,” the traveler thought and went on. After he had gone some distance, Aesop shouted after him, “You will get to town in two hours.” The traveler turned round in astonishment. “Why didn’t you tell me that before?” he asked. “How could I have told you before?” answered Aesop. “I did not know how fast you could walk.”

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book 2 unit 3 answers Mar 14th, 2008 4:31:53 am - Subscribe
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Task 1

A.
1. Stress on the job costs American companies as much as $150 billion a year in lower productivity, unnecessary employee sick leave, and higher medical costs.
(remember that a “cost” is anything that takes something away from you or something that you don’t want to happen, not just money or prices)
2. The most stressful professions are those that involve danger, extreme pressure, and those that carry a lot of responsibility without much control.
3. The best way to deal with stress is through relaxation, but sometimes the only answer is to fight back or walk away.
(also known as “fight or flight”)
B. skip

Task 2

A.
1. give in so easily to hijackers’ demands
a. threaten to blow up a plane, commit some other outrage
b. hold out against this kind of blackmail, always have terrorists, start executing terrorists automatically
c. be prepared to face the consequences of evil
2. .
a. it’s the lesser of two evils, terrorists have proven often enough that they really mean business
b. innocent lives, threatening the innocent will achieve its ends
B. skip

Task 3

A. skip
B.
1. It is located in a narrow street with five- and six-storey buildings eight kilometers from downtown Los Angeles.
2. This factory makes shirts and jeans.
3. She’s already been working for ten hours, but she won’t stop for another two hours.
4. She can’t complain because she is an illegal immigrant.

Task 4

A. social trends
1. marked differences
a. one hour more every day, three hours more every week
b. 1 percent, cleaning and ironing, keep household accounts, do repairs or improvements
c. 30 percent
2. leisure activities, watching television, 20 hours a week, going for walks, swimming, British women
B. skip

Task 5 skip

Task 6
1. Mrs. Carter
2. She was a tall, handsome woman who used to come into the shop at least twice a week.
3. She lived alone in a large house on an old farm about three miles from the shop.
4. He was absolutely certain. Otherwise he would never call the police. His evidence was this: First, he saw her do it; second, he found the things in her bag; third, she had done it before.
5. Two young people saw her. The shopkeeper believed that if they didn’t punish her, young people would think that stealing didn’t matter.
6. The judge thought that it was a difficult case from a humanitarian point of view. The excuses he found for her were: First, the woman was old and she lived alone, so she was lonely. Second, she wasn’t poor. She was well-known for her generosity and didn’t need to steal. The items were only worth a pound or two. Third, she pleaded not guilty and said she didn’t know that she had done it.
Task 7 skip

Task 8 skip

Task 9

A. skip
B.
1. F
2. T
3. F
4. F
5. T
6. T
C. skip

Task 10 skip

Task 11 dictation

I could hear the guard blowing his whistle, so I ran onto the platform and up to the train. Luckily someone saw me coming, a door opened, and I jumped on while the train was moving out of the station. “Phew!” I thought. “That was hard work!” I was sure the other passengers could hear my heart beating; it was so loud, and I was in a cold sweat. After a while, I recovered, and had a look at the other passengers. The compartment was full, but I was the only one standing. The people in the carriage turned their eyes away as they noticed me looking at them; all except one, a beautiful woman sitting in the corner. I saw her watching me in the mirror. Automatically, I adjusted my tie. She had seen me running for the train: maybe this was my lucky day after all. I prepared to say hello. She spoke first, however. “Would you like my seat?” she asked. “You look rather ill.” That was the day on which I realized I was getting middle-aged.

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book 2 unit 2 answers Mar 10th, 2008 4:14:34 am - Subscribe
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Task 1
1. B
2. A
3. D

Task 2

A.
1. T
2. F
3. F

B.
1. D
2. C
3. C

C. skip

Task 3
I. the country; trees, grass, lakes, and streams
II. concrete, iron, and steel; take in the heat during the day and throw off heat into the air at night, warmer winters, car engines, electrical appliances
III. air pollution may stop sunlight from reaching the earth; ice near the North and South poles to melt; to be slowly flooded and people living in these cities to move to higher land

Tasks 4 and 5 skip

Task 6
A.
1. F
2. T
3. F
4. T
5. F
6. T
B. skip

Task 7 matching

A and B skip

C. Southeast England:26…; Southern Scotland:Maximum…; Brighton:15…;
Midlands:23…; Northwest of Scotland:Light…; Spain:34…; Greece:32…;
France:Cloudy with rain…; Northern Ireland:Heavy…; Most of England:Cloudy but mainly…
Task 8
Air Pressure: fall, fall, rise, rise, rise, fall
Causes: The dust particles begin to settle to the ground in thinner air and the air clears; instead of traveling upward and outward into the atmosphere they are bend back to the earth and their range extended; the methane is trapped in the bottom of the swamp because of the thick air; birds prefer to fly where the air is the densest and they can get greater lift with their wings; smoke rises with thicker air; the gas in our bodies expands in lower air pressure

Task 9

A. skip
B. f,c,a,d,b,e
C. skip
D. .
1. D
2. B
Task 10

Undoubtedly, Tibet is one of the harshest places for human existence. It is cool in summer but freezing cold in winter. In Lhasa, the mildest city in Tibet, temperatures may exceed 29 degrees Celsius in summer while plummeting to -16 degrees Celsius in winter! Sun radiation is extremely strong in Tibet. The sunlight in Lhasa is so intense that the city is called Sunlight City.

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book 2 unit 1 answers Mar 5th, 2008 7:54:04 am - Subscribe
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Task 1

A.
1. She wanted to see St. Paul’s Cathedral.
2. She was so surprised because she saw so many Englishmen who looked alike.
3. They were all wearing dark suits and bowler hats, carrying umbrellas and newspapers.
4. She had often read about them and seen photographs of them. They all looked as if they were wearing a uniform.
5. No, he didn’t.
6. He used the English saying “It takes all kinds to make a world” to prove his opinion.

B. If all the seas were one sea, what a great sea it would be! And if all the trees were one tree, what a great tree it would be! And if this tree were to fall in the sea, what a great splash there would be!

Task 2

A.
1. people were much busier
2. colder than England, minus thirty degrees, last longer
3. much more mountainous, much higher and much more rocky, more beautiful
4. tend to be more crowded
5. the houses, smaller

B.
1. T
2. T
3. F
4. F
5. F

Task 3

A.
1. In the US, people usually dance just to enjoy themselves; they don’t invite other people to watch them.
2. Usually eight people dance together.
3. People form a square in dancing with a man and a woman on each side of the square.
4. He usually makes it into a song.
5. They wear old-fashioned clothes.
B. Remember what I said in class about plurals. Sometimes it is difficult to hear the “s” on the end of a word, but you can still tell if it is a singular or plural by paying attention to if there is an article such as (a, an) in front of the word. If there is such an article in front of the word, it is singular e.g. a book. If not, it is plural e.g. the books or some books. Also pay attention to the verb form. This can change when you go from singular to plural e.g. the book is on the table; the books are on the table.
1. F
2. T
3. F
4. F
5. T
C.
1. eight people form a square, on each side of the square
2. what they should do, makes it into a song, sings it
3. don’t have much time to think
4. old-fashioned clothes

Task 4 skip

Task 5

A. Remember to pay attention to what I say about certain questions before I play the tape. I have gone through these tasks beforehand and I know what the trick questions are. These are questions that require you to think a little longer about the answer. Sometimes the obvious answer is, in fact, incorrect; and the less-obvious answer is the correct one. I suggest you mark off in your book those questions which I tell to you to pay attention to. Then when you go to answer them, you will take extra time to think and improve your chances of choosing the correct answer.
1. F
2. T
3. F
4. T
5. F
6. T
7. T

B. skip

Task 6

A.
1. B
2. A
3. C
4. A
B. skip
C.
1. mother, father, children, and some other relatives, such as grandparents, living in the same house or nearby
2. only the parents and the children
3. previously married men and women marry again and combine the children from former marriages into a new family

Task 7
A. table
both, men, both, women, men, men, women, women, women, women, men, women
B.
1. C
2. C
3. A
4. B
5. C
6. C
7. C

Task 8 skip

Task 9 dictation

Social customs and ways of behaving change. But they do not necessarily always change for the better. Things which were considered impolite many years ago are now acceptable. Just a few years ago, it was considered impolite behavior for a man to smoke on the street. No man who thought of himself as being a gentleman would make a fool of himself by smoking when a lady was in the room. The important thing to remember about social customs is not to do anything that might make other people feel uncomfortable; especially if they are your guests.

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Spring 08' Syllabus; Welcome Back Students Feb 25th, 2008 10:04:29 am - Subscribe
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Listening Class Syllabus Spring 2008
Instructor: Brian Gardiner
Mobile Phone: 15874861247
E-mail: ganbaorui_2006@163.com
Class Blog Website: http://www.aeonity.com/cust
Office Hours: by appointment

I. Content
a. Book: “Contemporary College English Classroom Listening Book 2”
i. Publisher: Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press (http://www.fltrp.com) or (http://www.fltrp.com/scrp/bookdetail.cfm?iBookno=5380&sYc=1-1)
ii. ISBN: 7-88080-097-2
b. Audio Cassettes
i. set of 6
ii. ISRC: 7-88080-097-2
II. Schedule (tentative)
a. units 1-8 weeks 1-8 (8 units, 8 weeks, test week 9)
i. test 1 week 9
1. material from units 1-8
2. transcription and questions
b. units 9-15 weeks 10-16 (7 units, 7 weeks, test week 17)
i. test 2 week 17
1. material from units 9-15
2. transcription and questions
III. Grading (out of a possible 100%)
a. test 1: 30%
b. test 2: 30%
c. attendance: 40%
i. Each class you miss takes about 2.2 points off your grade.
ii. If you must miss a class, you must bring me a signed note from someone in authority who gave you permission to be absent.

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Final Grades and Test 2 Jan 10th, 2008 4:55:18 am - Subscribe
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The university office will give students their final grades for the term. I will give students their corrected second test as soon as we can schedule a time to get together. Please talk to your class monitor about the details. Have a great Spring Festival!

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unit 15 Dec 30th, 2007 1:53:49 am - Subscribe
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UNIT 15

Task 1 skipped

Task 2

A. (news item 1)
1. T
2. F
3. F
4. T
B. skipped

C. (news item 2)
1. a food crisis in southern Africa
2. Almost thirteen million people there need emergency food aid.
3. No.
4. The US Agriculture Secretary said opponents of genetically engineered food have limited the ability of the US to send food.

Task 3 skipped

Task 4

A.
1. B
2. D
3. B
4. C
B.
1. Corruption is when government officials sell their influence, misuse their power, or try to hide their illegal activities.
Transparency literally means permitting light to pass through unrestricted. In this context, it means activities are carried out in the open, clear for all to see, and wrongdoings of some government officials are difficult to hide.
2. The less transparent something is, the more corrupt it is. The more corrupt something is, the less transparent it is.
3. (opinion)

Task 5 skipped

Task 6 skipped

Task 7 skipped

Task 8 skipped

Task 9 dictation

Robbers have fled with an estimated three million dollars from a security vehicle at London’s Heathrow Airport. Police say two men hijacked the vehicle shortly after the driver collected the money from a South African Airlines flight. It happened hours after police arrested a man in connection with a similar robbery at Heathrow early last month. The robbers in February escaped with more than six million dollars. British officials have called for an urgent investigation of security around Heathrow Airport.

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unit 14 answers Dec 30th, 2007 1:52:46 am - Subscribe
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UNIT 14

Task 1
Name: Andrea, Photos, Yannis, Claude, Steward
Age: 28, 31, 15, 50, 38
Work: teaches skiing, runs a water-skiing school, student, owner and manager of a wind-surfing club, bank manager
Free Time Activity: trains for the Olympics, plays chess, drives a boat, studies English, goes underwater caving

Task 2
1. B
2. skipped
3. C
4. skipped
5. C
6. skipped

Task 3
1. A
2. C
3. A
4. B
5. B

Task 4 skipped

Task 5 skipped

Task 6

A. 80 hectares; 470,000square meters; 17,600; 760-hectare; 14, 15, less than a 30-minute drive

B.
1. It is located in the western part of the Village and consists of apartment buildings, dining halls, and other facilities.
2. It is located in the eastern part of the Village and will provide leisure facilities and cultural activities for athletes.
3. After the Games, it will become a residential area.

Task 7 skipped

Task 8 skipped

Task 9 skipped

Task 10

A.
1. How do top athletes handle defeat and disappointment, and how do they keep going after a loss?
2. Winning or losing depends solely on the athlete’s own skill and effort.

B.
1. Think positively.
2. Stick with it.
3. Work on the small things.
4. Learn from mistakes.
5. Pick yourself up.

C. skipped

Task 11 skipped

Task 12 dictation

Mr. Jones was very fond of climbing mountains, so one year he went to Switzerland for his holidays. After he had climbed some easy mountains, he decided one day to climb a more difficult one. But he did not want to go up it alone, so he found a good Swiss guide, who had often climbed that mountain.
At first it was not a difficult climb, but then they came to a place which was not so easy. The guide stopped, turned around, and warned Mr. Jones. “Be careful here,” he said. “This is a dangerous place. You can easily fall, and if you do, you will fall straight down a very long way. But”, he continued calmly, “if you do fall here, don’t forget to look to the right while you are going down. There is quite an extraordinarily beautiful view there—much more beautiful than the one you can see from here.”

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unit 13 answers Dec 30th, 2007 1:51:35 am - Subscribe
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UNIT 13

Task 1
What’s wrong? Mr. Jones: headaches, tired
Doctor: nothing much wrong
Why does Mr. Jones…? worry about, busy, hungry
What is the advice of the doctor? fewer, more, less, your health

Task 2

A.
1. B
2. A
3. B
4. A
5. B
B. skipped
C. skipped

Task 3
1. F
2. T
3. F
4. T
5. F

Task 4
1. They used to build camps in the forest or on open ground.
2. They were made of branches and leaves or grass.
3. because they wanted to find more food
4. Life is a lot easier. There are fewer dangers, but there is less excitement.
5. because they try to get back to nature

Task 5
1. Windsurfing is more exhilarating than swimming, and you can get away from it all. You can be alone with nature.
2. He’s an opera singer.
3. They are rather amused.
4. social tennis
5. line decisions and the score
6. She is now engaged in politics.
7. When you are playing it, you can’t think of anything else. You’re totally absorbed in the game, and you fell very happy when you do a really good shot.
8. the muffed shot at the net
Task 6

A.
1. F
2. F
3. F
4. T
5. T
B. skipped

Task 7
A.
1. to be awakened from a deep sleep and suddenly on his way to a serious accident
2. the journey
3. People often swear at her
4. A lot of patients expect it to be painful, and so a lot of patients are very nervous when they come in.
5. living in a hotel
6. He’s doing the same thing over and over and over.
B. skipped

Task 8

A. skipped

B.
Channel: BBC2
Time: 8:30, 10:30, 9:00, 7:50
Program: World in Action, High Plains Drifter, Hamlet, tennis
Description: secret service, food and drink, 1972, good, evil, university teachers and students, Scotland, survive for 24 hours, subtitles, modern English, England, Brazil

Task 9 skipped

Task 10 dictation

In the Far, Middle, and Near East; and in parts of Africa, South America, and Europe; the first thing most Western people notice is the respect everyone has for the old. Older men and women live with the married children and are important members of the family. They look after the children, help with the cooking, give advice, and often rule family life. Living in an extended family has advantages for everyone. A small child, for example, knows many people from the very beginning, not just his mother and father. For a young mother and father there are also advantages. They can go out to work and grandmother will look after the house and children. This is especially important in farming communities, where both men and women work in the fields. And the older woman, for example, has something important to do. She sees her children and grandchildren grow up. She is needed and loved.

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extra credit Dec 22nd, 2007 8:10:35 am - Subscribe
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(there is no extra credit assignment for Test 2)

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test 2 information Dec 22nd, 2007 8:07:22 am - Subscribe
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Test 2

will cover units 7-15 in the “Contemporary College English” book (units 1-6 will NOT be on this test). The test will have two sections, and the procedure and format will be identical to the first test.

Section 1 will be listening to me read a passage and then answering questions about it (multiple choice, fill in the blanks, or true / false questions could all be on the exam). I will allow students one minute to review the questions about the passage before I read it and two minutes to answer the questions once I have finished reading. Section 1 will test the student’s ability to focus on key words and phrases, take accurate notes, and then answer questions.
Section 1 will be worth 75% of the test grade.

Section 2 will be dictation. I will read a short passage (less than 100 words) once only, and students will write down what they hear. Students will have five minutes to go back and add functional words to what they took notes on while listening. Although Section 2, dictation, will have only a few sentences, it will be challenging. Section 2 will test the student’s ability to listen carefully, write down content words, and then put the passage back together using only what they wrote during the dictation.
Section 2 will be worth 25% of the test grade.

Test 2 Dates for All Classes

2007-1C: Friday, January 4; 8:00-9:40 (1st and 2nd periods) T6-505

2007-2C: Wednesday, January 2; during regular class time

2007-3C: Friday, January 4; during regular class time

2007-3Y: (Yuntang Campus) Thursday, January 3; during regular class time

2007-4C: Thursday, January 3; during regular class time

How to Study

Listen to the tapes for the book, reading the questions before listening to the tape.

The questions from the second half of the book are more challenging for a number of reasons. First, the answers to questions don’t appear in order in the passage. This means you have to take good notes using content words. Second, the key words don’t always help you because sometimes the key words in the questions use a “synonym” in the passage. That means that another word is used that means the same thing. Third, there are more questions that require you to make a judgment or inference based on what you hear—in other words you won’t actually hear the answer. I will not put any questions on Test 2 which require students to guess what the answer might be. All questions will have only one possible best answer. Fourth, the fill in the blanks questions are more like the dictation section, which most of you find more difficult than the other questions, because you have to fill in longer blanks with phrases and sentences at times. For all of the above reasons, Test 2 is more difficult than test one.

Of course, If students need help, they should contact me.
I am available during office hours and will do what I can to help everyone prepare.

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unit 12 answers Dec 22nd, 2007 7:41:21 am - Subscribe
Mood |

UNIT 12

Task 1

A.
1. She is one of the best chess players in the world, and she is only sixteen years old.
2. No. Chess is very difficult for a woman. No one thought she could do well. Her father wanted her to be a secretary.
3. maybe because she’s always thinking about chess and therefore has few friends
B.
1. for, through, along, by
2. nine, five, run, against, six, seven, half an hour, 7:45

Task 2
1. “Reserved” means “slow to show feelings or express opinions”. “Extrovert” means “an active, lively, expressive, cheerful, and sociable person”. Here the author uses the word as an adjective.
2. Some of the stereotyped images of the Englishmen, Scotsmen, Welshmen, and the Irish are:
a. Englishmen wear bowler hats, pinstripe suits, and carry umbrellas.
b. Scotsmen are mean, hate spending money, and drink whisky all day long.
c. Welshmen do nothing but play rugby and sing.
d. The Irish only exist so that other British people can tell jokes about them.
3. Well, on the whole the speaker does not believe these generalizations because there are too many exceptions. However, he agrees that it is great fun to generalize, and some generalizations may be true.
4. the generalization that “The British don’t like answering questions about the details of their lives”, and also the generalization that they usually don’t like officials

Task 3
1. the American Indians in the northwest of America
2. When a man wanted to show that he was important, he asked all of his friends to a great feast. He also invited people from other villages. There were games and competitions, and everyone ate and drank a lot. He gave away things to all of the people at his feast. Sometimes he threw things into the sea, or he made a big fire and burned things in front of everyone.
3. Often he had very few things left after the feast, or there was very little food in his house. But he was still rich in the eyes of his people. He was a “big man” now. Everyone looked up to him, because he did not think that valuable things were important.

Task 4

A. when: in the morning, during the day, lunch time, in the afternoon
who: local factory workers, housewives, lots of people, schoolchildren on the way home, people after work
what: (local factory workers) papers and cigarettes; (housewives) fresh milk, frozen fish, cooked meat, and so on; (lots of people) sandwiches to order—ham and egg particularly, a bit of shopping, (schoolchildren) sweets, (people after work) something for supper or some chocolates to take to a friend

B.
1. The previous one was just a small grocer’s before, but now Jayne sells all kinds of things. And her shop stays open longer.
2. Before she opened she did a small survey. She asked customers what they’d like to buy and when they’d like to shop. She was now giving customers what they wanted.
3. She felt rather tired, but never bored. She found it really exciting and loved meeting people all the time.

Task 5 (skipped)

Task 6

A.
1. Carl was a happy, friendly man. He had a good job with the government.
2. He was driving a special kind of van called a “security van”.
3. The first man was tall and wore round glasses. There was something strange about his eyes. The second man was tall, too. And he wore dark glasses.
4. He felt something hard in his back. It was a gun, and it belonged to the man with dark glasses.
5. He looked just like Carl. He had the same face as Carl. But he wasn’t Carl.
B.
1. bend, van
2. out of, rolled down
3. better, a bit
4. early morning light, rather, covered with
5. went, with, over
6. pushed, pulled

Task 7 (skipped)

Task 8

A.
1. It is a book about how to start new friendships.
2. It is very important to give the other person your undivided attention for the first four minutes of your meeting.
3. We should try to appear friendly and self-confident, because in general “People like people who like themselves.”
B.
1. F
2. T
3. F
4. F
C.
1. total honesty, social relationships, contact
2. complain about one’s health, to mention faults, tell the whole truth, opinions, impressions
3. much of, strangers, family members, friends
4. be treated with care, unpleasant matters, be dealt with

Task 9 (skipped)

Task 10 (skipped)

Task 11 (dictation)
A young mother believed that it was very wrong to waste any food when there were so many hungry people in the world. One evening, she was giving her small daughter her tea before putting her to bed. First she gave her a slice of fresh brown bread and butter, but the child said that she did not want it like that. She asked for some jam on her bread as well.
Her mother looked at her for a few seconds and then said, “When I was a small girl like you, Lucy, I was always given either bread and butter, or bread and jam, but never bread with butter and jam.”
Lucy looked at her mother for a few moments with pity in her eyes and then said to her kindly, “Aren’t you pleased that you’ve come to live with us now?”

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unit 11 answers Dec 22nd, 2007 7:38:57 am - Subscribe
Mood |

UNIT 11

Task 1
A.
1. because the weather is fine and he needs some exercise
2. because the razor blades are on sale
3. $2.83
B.
paperback books, buying a lipstick, by the newspaper stand, mind, surface appearance

Task 2
things Anna wants to buy: a skirt and a top, a pair of tennis shorts, costume jewelry
department: separates, leisurewear, accessories
location: over there, on the right; on the first floor, on the second floor

Task 3
1. D
2. C
3. D
4. C

Task 4
1. He was allowed to keep only enough money to buy his lunch in the office.
2. He won ten thousands pounds on the lottery.
3. She was delighted at first.
4. Then she became angry and demanded to know how her husband could afford the lottery ticket.

Task 5
1. because the vegetables were fresher and the store had various things she couldn’t get elsewhere
2. very well
3. The two teenage boys were both wearing long, old-fashioned overcoats and they looked rather ridiculous in them because the coats were too big.
4. She saw one of the boys pick up a tin of food and drop it into the inside pocket of his overcoat, and later another boy did the same.
5. because he was checking through his list at the cash till
6. They had both buttoned their coats and fastened them with their belts, but Mr. Patel didn’t seem suspicious at all.
Task 6
Items: jacket, CD player, cordless phone, jeans, computer, notebook
Will they buy these things: no, yes (maybe), no, no, yes, no
Why not: doesn’t like the style of the jacket, the cordless phone is not a famous brand, they don’t have a bigger size in the jeans, don’t have any notebooks with more pages

Task 7
A. Hugo Abbs—Senior Consultant—discuss plans and suggest alternatives
Anne Springer—Applications Programmer—design software
Bill Andrews—Senior Engineer—supply and install equipment
B.
1. only for word-processing
2. accounting
3. It’s flexible. It can be adapted to the needs of the company with some small modifications.

Task 8

A.
1. T
2. T
3. F
4. F
5. F
B.
big and small customers, five days a week, 9:00 am, 5:30 pm, suppliers of software, special training courses, free demonstrations

Task 9
GT; L11,869
problems:
1. handle
2.
a. slide back
b. engine noise
c. open
3. leg room
4. wing mirrors
5. small scratches
6. badly finished paintwork
7. the silver plastic strip
conclusion: quite a lot of irritating faults in an expensive car

Task 10
1. It’s described as “buy now, pay later”.
2. selling their products and services
3. for centuries
4. One type is issued directly by a store to a customer. The other kind is issued by a credit company.
5. The store credit card can be used to make purchases only at a particular store, whereas credit cards from credit companies can be used to buy things almost anywhere.
6. because most credit companies are connected to large banks
7. once a month
8. .
a. The customer can buy what he wants when he wants it. There is no need to save up money in advance.
b. Having a credit card protects the owner. The owner doesn’t have to worry about losing the card.
c. Credit cards can be used when something unexpected happens. This is important when you don’t have any cash with you.
9. Customers tend to overspend.

Task 11 (skipped)

Task 12 (dictation)
In the old days, most people did not need money. They could usually grow enough food. They could build a house, and they could even make their own clothes. They needed a few other things, but they could get them from other people. If they wanted a knife, for example, they could exchange some food, or other useful things, for one. People have used many things as “money” in different parts of the world. A lot of them are made of metal, because metal is useful. Gold is a beautiful metal, and it has become very valuable. A little gold can buy a lot of things, so people all over the world have often made coins out of gold. Very few coins are made of gold these days, however. Most money is just pieces of paper, but these pieces of paper are valuable because people will exchange all kinds of things for them.




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unit 10 answers Dec 15th, 2007 10:03:06 pm - Subscribe
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UNIT 10

Task 1
million; 170,000; three, exercise, unhealthy, salt, sugar, vegetables, habits

Task 2

A.
1. Ingredients: 60, 25, sugar, flour, 400, 100, powdered
2. Method: 45-55, 180 degrees C, with
B. Grease a 20 cm round cake tin. Heat the syrup, pour it into the tin, and cover the base. Arrange the pears and glace cherries in the syrup. Cream the margarine and sugar together until light and fluffy. Beat in the eggs and finally stir in the flour and ginger. If the mixture is stiff, add a little milk. Pour the mixture over the fruit and cook until golden brown and firm to the touch. Turn the pudding out onto a serving dish.

Task 3

A.
1. F
2. T
B.
1. Their idea of a good meal is a hamburger, served with ketchup and French fries.
2. Because they often have little space for tables and chairs, roadside restaurants are not considered to be like traditional restaurants. Many people buy their hamburgers and take them home to eat or eat them in their cars.

Task 4
1. No. They don’t like anything but hamburgers.
2. Ground sirloin is more expensive than ground chuck, but it has less fat.
3. She mixes the salt, pepper, and onions with the ground beef.
4. A patty is a flattened ball.
5. We shouldn’t handle the hamburger meat too much because it will make the hamburgers tough. They’ll be hard and tough.
6. rare, medium, or well-done

Task 5

A.
1. 4,700; ten, eleven
2. London, Paris, same, apple pies, coffee, cola, orange drink, thick milk
3. white, cream, yellow, green
4. paper bags, thick paper cups
B.
1. F
2. F
3. T
4. T
C.
1. In an ordinary restaurant you go to a table and sit down. A waiter or waitress brings you a menu and you choose your meal. Then you wait for the food. The waiter brings the food to your table, and at the end of the meal he brings you the bill. Then you pay for the meal and go home. In a fast-food restaurant you look at the price-list in the window or on the wall rather than a menu. Then you go to the counter and give your order. You don’t wait for your food. The staff behind the counter has special machines and special routines. They prepare the food very quickly and put it into boxes, cups, or bags.
2. Fast food is called “finger food” because you eat it from the bag or box with your fingers.

Task 6
1. two hamburgers, a cheeseburger, two small French-fries, a coffee, a cola, and a chocolate milk shake. And it’s take-away.
2. three pounds twenty-one pence
3. They can find little packets of milk and sugar in the bag.

Task 7
1. tomato soup for Sally and mushroom soup for Peter
2. Sally orders roast mutton with mint, boiled potatoes, and some Brussels sprouts. Peter orders roast beef and Yorkshire pudding with gravy and some boiled cabbage.
3. They both have some apple tart and vanilla ice-cream.
4. because both the food and the service there are excellent

Task 8

A.
1. Cosmopolitan means “consisting of people from many different parts of the world.”
2. He means that all those kinds of food have already become a normal part of a Londoner’s diet nowadays.
3. The Indian and Pakistani restaurants are the cheapest ones.
4. No. Almost all the restaurants there serve Cantonese dishes, but there’s one that specialized in Peking cuisine.
5. They are going to have a look in the Guanghua Bookshop.
B.
1. sprung, mushrooms, immensely, with
2. under the sun, represented, somewhere or another
3. come onto the scene
4. all the more
5. colorful, atmosphere, overhead
6. soup, boiled, As for, sweet, sour, fried chicken, green

Task 9 (skipped)

Task 10

A.
1. 18th century, hand, 1742, 1814
2. height, 1.5, 2; 2,000
B.
1. Mustard has a bright yellow color and strong taste. We can see it with salt, pepper, and ketchup on every good dinner table.
2. There are two main kinds of mustard—one with brown seeds and the other with white. Both produce rich, yellow flour and contain mustard oil. The oil from the brown seeds has a strong taste, and the oil from the white seeds is hot—like pepper. Good modern mustard is made from both kinds of seed.
C. plant seeds, the seed flowers, check the seeds, August or September

Task 11

A.
1. animals, pork, beef, mutton, butter, cheese, lamb, chicken, duck, turkey
2. apples, oranges, bananas, tomatoes, tea, potatoes, rice, wheat, different plants and animals need different climates, Scotland, New Zealand, any part of the world, more milk, cool, warm, dry, the Mediterranean, sun, rain, tropical, Africa, South America
B. Bakers, butchers, grocer’s, shops, street market, supermarket, healthy

Task 12
1. He wanted to investigate the mysteries of the sausage.
2. Because everyone in a food factory has to keep clean and tidy and cover all the hair of the head.

Task 13 (dictation)
Judy thought that she would enjoy her first day on the job, but everything went wrong. First she overslept. She was so upset about that that she caught the wrong bus. She got to the soft drink factory at nine instead of eight thirty. Her new boss, who was a tall, fat man, was very angry. He taught her what to do in a rush. All she had to do was watch a machine fill bottles with cola. Then she pushed a button and sent the bottles to be capped. At lunch, her boss sent her out to buy him a sandwich. She bought herself some fruit, but dropped it and stepped on it. By the end of the afternoon she felt hungry, bored, and tired. And she never wanted to see another bottle of cola in her life. The next morning she got to work on time and quit!

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unit 9 answers Dec 12th, 2007 2:39:15 am - Subscribe
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UNIT 9

Task 1 (skip)

Task 2
Name: Mary, John, Anne; Age: 13, 12, 12; Position: eldest, youngest, middle; Feeling: terrible, I hate it, the worst place of all; Reasons: Mary—do housework, go shopping, be nice to her younger brother and sister; John—go to bed earlier, less pocket money, smaller room, no one listens to him; Anne—not special, wears old clothes and uses old schoolbag of older sister, no presents while younger brother has

Task 3
1. C
2. A
3. A
4. A
5. B
6. A
7. C

Task 4
1. F
2. T
3. T
4. F
5. F
6. F

Task 5
1. B
2. C
3. B
4. B
5. A

Task 6
1. They never interfered with her plans too much, and she was allowed to take up the career she wanted.
2. She became independent financially. But she still stays with her parents a lot.
3. Yes.
4. She doesn’t always get along well with her parents.
5. They treat her as a child and they try to control her.

Task 7

A. D
B.
1. a writer for the “Agony Column” in Flash magazine
2. fifteen in two months’ time
3. Manchester
4. quite a rough city
5. Christine

Task 8
1. F
2. T
3. F
4. F
5. F

Task 9
holding a job, even tougher, playing cops and robbers, shot, yelled, slumped to the ground, ran over, had been hurt in the fall, bent over, It’s the only chance I get to rest.

Task 10

A.
1. turn off the television
2. feed the cat
3. wash up (several) dishes
4. dry the dishes
5. put away the dishes
6. tidy the kitchen
7. put out the cat
8. lock all the doors
9. turn out all the lights
B.
1. She said she was going up to bed.
2. She was sitting up in bed reading a book and eating chocolates.
3. a gate banging downstairs
4. He had to go to shut the garden gate.

Task 11 (skip)

Task 12 (skip)

Task 13 (dictation)

[P2] Today, because of industrialization, a typical family will be required to move even more often, so families will be even smaller. The typical family may remain childless and consist only of a man and a woman. A smaller number of families may raise children. These families may raise children as their chief occupation, leaving the childless families free to move from job to job. Furthermore, these child-raising families may raise other people’s children in addition to their own.

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unit 8 answers Dec 11th, 2007 9:59:18 am - Subscribe
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UNIT 8

Task 1
1. APEC is the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation.
2. ASEAN is the Association of Southeast Asian Nations.
3. EU is the European Union.
4. FAO is the Food and Agriculture Organization.
5. IAEA is the International Atomic Energy Agency.
6. ILO is the International Labor Organization.
7. IMF is the International Monetary Fund.
8. NAFTA is the North American Free Trade Agreement.
9. WHO is the World Health Organization.
10. WTO is the World Trade Organization.

Task 2
1. recently attacked an elementary school
2. have begun hunting crocodiles
3. planting gardens on the tops of buildings
4. resettle more than 125,000 people
5. help rebuild Afghanistan
6. 11 million dollars in aid for the Asian nation
7. India has more than one billion people.
8. China’s population has increased to more than one billion two hundred million.

Task 3

A.
1. B
2. C
3. D
4. A
B.
Lead: Thousands of demonstrators have forced the cancellation of the opening ceremony at the World Trade Organization meeting in the American city of Seattle, Washington.
1. ministers from 135 WTO member countries
2. police, demonstrators
3. big business, workers, the environment
4. aid to farmers, labor rules, trade taxes
C.
1. They accused the WTO of protecting the interests of big business at the expenses of those of workers and the environment.
2. The WTO is criticized by both poor countries and disadvantaged groups in the Western world. In News Item 1, the WTO faces the criticism particularly from developing countries that demand more concessions from developed nations in trade talks. For News Item 2, see the answer to Question 1.
3. Yes. Throughout history, rich people and developed countries have benefited most from the existing international trade agreements. Now it’s time for them to give more consideration to poor countries and people. As a leading actor in the process of globalization, the WTO should do more to reduce its negative impact on the poor and the environment.

Task 4
Mexico, 1989, America, economies, community, 21; 2,500,000,000; almost half, joint statement, terrorism, security, goods,

Task 5
A.
1. computer products, and particularly, an operating system
2. The judge ruled that Microsoft Company had acted as a monopoly.
3. Monopoly means blocking competition from other companies to gain total control of the market.
4. people who buy computer products
B.
1. more than 500,000,000,000 dollars (half a trillion)
2. operating
3. the 9th
4. blocking / ending / stopping
5. harmed

Task 6
A.
1. T
2. F
3. F
4. T
5. T
6. T
B.
Judge Jackson’s rulings
1. misusing, computer programs
2. two smaller businesses

The Federal Appeals Court’s rulings
1. block competition
2. reconsider
3. fair / being fair, Microsoft and Bill Gates

legal experts’ comments
1. the federal government, Microsoft
2. There are three options…
a. the Supreme Court
b. a new trial, the unresolved legal questions
c. negotiations, privately

Bill Gates’ response
the situation, solution

Prospects
1. an agreement
2. punished, pay money

Task 7

A.
1. It will send Destiny into orbit.
2. It is a scientific research laboratory.
3. Destiny is the most technologically complex research center ever put into space.
4. It cost over 1,000,000,000 dollars to build.
5. It will last eleven days.
6. They will make three walks in space to attach the laboratory to the International Space Station’s control center.
B.
News Lead: The first laboratory has been connected to the International Space Station.
1. launched; Wednesday, February 7th
2. Destiny
3. mechanical arm
4. a linking device
5. protective clothing
6. complete work

Task 8
110 stories, employing, desks, collapse, figures, recovered, crashed, dead, searching, 800

Tasks 9

A. released, number one, terrorist attack, The Rising
B.
Titles: “You’re Missing”, “Into the Fire”, “Empty Skies”, and “The Rising”

Descriptions: “You’re Missing” is perhaps the saddest one on the album, which is about the unbearable pain a lady and her children are experiencing when they see the many things that belonged to her husband, a victim in the terrorist attack; “Into the Fire” is about one of the hundreds of police, firefighters, and rescue workers who died in the attacks. It honors the love and sense of duty they showed that day; “Empty Skies” describes the desire to strike back that a person feels after a senseless loss. It is a personal statement rather than a political one; “The Rising” appeals to listeners to come together and heal each other.

Task 10

A.
1. A four-year exhibition of the work of the Dutch artist Vincent van Gogh has opened in Amsterdam.
2. It is one of his early drawings in water color, pencil and ink, which depicts a woman carrying a child along a windswept road.
3. A German art dealer acting for an anonymous collector.
4. In 1883
B.
movie industry, directing, editing, released, Oscar, metals, statue, weighs, priceless, offers, earning

Task 11 (dictation)

News media are the means, or methods, by which people learn what is happening in their city, in their country, and in the world. The news media can be classified into two general categories. The categories are print media and electronic media.
Print media are usually divided into magazines and newspapers. Most newspapers print news daily. For example, the newspaper The New York Times is published every day of the year. Most news magazines are published weekly. For instance, Newsweek and Time magazines are published once a week.
The electronic media are generally divided into radio and television. Radio news is news that you listen to. In the United States, many radio stations broadcast 5 minutes of news every hour on the hour. Television news is news that you not only listen to but also watch.

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unit 7 answers Dec 4th, 2007 2:17:15 am - Subscribe
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UNIT 7

Task 1
1. Emma, Mark, and Jane
2. joke book, model train, radio
3. joke book = two pounds fifty; radio = twenty seven pounds ninety-nine pence; model train = we don’t know exactly, but it must be expensive

Task 2

A.
1. Emma; She is going to bed now.
2. Mark; He’s having a bath. Now he’s washing his feet and singing a carol.
3. Jane; She is putting the last Christmas cards on the table in the hall.
4. Mr. Phillips; He’s putting all the presents under the tree. He’s thinking about his busy day.
5. Mrs. Phillips; She’s preparing all the food for tomorrow’s meals.
B.
1. D
2. A
3. C

Task 3
A.
read, drew, made, drank, had, flew, went, see, remember
B.
1. A
2. C
3. B
Task 4
A. past, future, memories, hopes, fears
B. B

Task 5 (skipped)

Task 6
A.
1. Because most of the water in England was polluted in the early 1600s, you could get very sick from drinking it. But beer was safe because it has alcohol in it, and alcohol kills germs.
2. First, the women had to make soap out of animal fat and ashes. That took a long time. Then the children had to carry water from the stream so it could be boiled in big outdoor pots. After everything was washed, the laundry was hung on bushes to dry.
B.
1. F
2. F

Task 7
1. holidays: Saint Patrick’s Day, Easter, Chinese New Year, Christmas, Easter, Holi
2. holiday traditions: pinch whoever does not wear green; follow the clues; dancing dragons; eat hot boiled peanuts and read “A Christmas Story” and “the Polar Express”; decorate the cross; throw colorful paint and water at friends

Task 8
1. months: January, no answer given, May
2. festival: New Year’s Day, Well-dressing, Kodomono-hi
3. country: Japan, UK, Japan
4. activities: striking the bells; decorating wells with flowers, shells, moss, and other natural objects; flying streamers or kites, displaying traditional warrior dolls, and bathing the children

Task 9
1. festival: Dragon Boat Festival, Ferragosto, Festival of the Dead
2. country: China, Italy, Mexico
3. activities: making dumplings and the dragon boat competition; a family occasion celebrating the ascent of Virgin Mary into Heaven; lighting candles in memory of the dead

Task 10

At midnight of Christmas Eve or early in the morning on Christmas, Christians go to church for a special service. On Christmas morning, everyone opens their presents and then it’s time to decorate the table with candles and Christmas crackers. For Christmas dinner people eat roast turkey, roast potatoes, green vegetables, and sauces. Then they have Christmas pudding. After dinner they put on paper hats. They read out the jokes from the crackers or play games. At five o’clock pm it’s time for tea and Christmas cake.

The day after Christmas is Boxing Day. People visit their relations or go to parties. Or they just spend a quiet day at home. No one works on Boxing Day. After Christmas everyone needs a holiday!

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unit 6 answers Dec 4th, 2007 1:45:42 am - Subscribe
Mood |

UNIT 6

Task 1
but not very small, the center of the city, pets, dream of, living room, floors, bedrooms, dark, hobbies, swimming pool

Task 2

A.
some features of the flat:
1. kitchen, bathroom, hall
2. shops
3. central heating

rent per month: L112
floor: first
name of landlady: Mary Jones
address: 41
telephone number: 40414
B.
1. T
2. F
3. F
4. F

Task 3
1. B
2. C
3. D
4. D

Task 4
1. Electricity comes through an underground cable. Then a thin cable enters our home through a fuse box and a meter.
2. The meter counts units of electricity.
3. No. You cannot see the wires because they are normally under the floors or in the walls.
4. We use electricity for refrigerators, cookers, water heaters, and washing machines.

Task 5
1. B
2. B
3. A
4. A
5. C

Task 6
1. The House Was Not Big Enough/ The Kienasts’ Housing Problem
2. It means five (or several) children born of the same mother at the same time.
3. They were too small to leave the hospital.
4. They decided to add some extra rooms to the Kienasts’ house.
5. 12
6. No. The neighbors want to help them.

Task 7
1. She and Pete have worked hard for renovating their house. Now it’s finished and looks nice. Others say they have done a good job. So she thinks it’s worthwhile.
2. Yes, he thinks so. In the house, he can touch various things (e.g. the leather cover of a rare book), and hear Mary working out in the morning or playing the piano.
3. The music room and the breakfast room are Mary’s favorite rooms.
4. He loved doing those interesting things, such as designing curtains, but hated doing the ordinary, uninteresting things. Perhaps, after the renovation, there wouldn’t be so many interesting things to do.
5. She likes some kinds of shopping, like buying antiques, but hates ordinary day-to-day shopping.

Task 8

A.
main idea: social and economic, America’s housing system
1. impact of increasingly smaller families:
a. smaller houses or apartments
b. rental housing
c. cooperatives
2. impact of rising energy prices:
a. cities
b. less to heat and light
c. underground
3. impact of economy/economic factors:
a. the cost of homes getting higher and higher
b. higher interest rates
B.
1. It is a way of solving the housing problem and helping keep the costs low. In the cooperative, everyone buys a share of an apartment building. If a low-earning requirement is met, the buyers can get a low-interest loan from the government.
2. During the day, heat from sunlight is collected through the windows on the south side of a house. At night, the windows are covered, and the collected warmth heats the home.

Task 9

A.
1. Debate on Radio Time
2. Four guests are in the studio. James and Alice are from Sheffield; David and Louise are from a small village in Yorkshire.
3. The topic is how living in town compares with living in the country.
B.
1. guests: James, Alice, David, Louise
2. for or against town life: for, against, against, for
3. reasons
i. James (living in town) so much to do / so many places to go [e.g. cinema, club, swimming pool, library]; good public transportation; living near school and friends
ii. Alice (living in town) not much fresh air; noisy with traffic; dirty; dangerous roads
iii. David (living in the country) closer to nature; quieter; friendly people; less traffic; more fresh air
iv. Louise (living in the country) dull; too quiet; no place to play; dangerous drivers; distance from friends and clubs; bad public transport

Task 10

1. first speaker
i. main point: better to live in a village
ii. important arguments
1. friendly people, a lot of fresh air, healthier life, close to nature, suitable for his work as a writer
2. second speaker
i. main point: better to live in a city
ii. important arguments
1. more going on, good for her career as an actress; more cinema, theatre, and other entertainment
2. more open-minded people
3. better shops and stores
3. third speaker
i. main point: better to live in a village
ii. important arguments
1. safer (less crime and less traffic), cheaper (rent and house prices), peaceful
4. fourth speaker
i. main point: dislikes her husband’s idea of buying a house in a village
ii. important arguments
1. not practical, too far from the children’s school

Task 11

to, are, of, is, in, for, to, of, or, of, to

Task 12

For many years, owning a home has been an important part of the American dream. Since the end of World War II that dream has come true for a growing number of Americans. Just before the war, less than half of all families in the United States owned their own homes. Today, about 65% do.

Americans also are living in newer homes than at any other time in American history. The average home today is about 23 years old.

Many of these new houses are in suburban areas, just outside America’s cities. About 30 years ago, builders started putting up houses in these areas by the hundreds and sold them as quickly as they could build them. Today, 35% of all Americans live in suburban housing areas that did not exist 30 years ago. The remaining 65% are divided about equally between cities and small towns.

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unit 5 answers Dec 4th, 2007 1:00:25 am - Subscribe
Mood |

UNIT 5

Task 1

A.
1. A
2. A
B.
1. T
2. F
Task 2

A.
1. C
2. B
3. A
B.
1. F
2. F

Task 3

A.
1. B
2. C
B.
1. T
2. F
3. F

Task 4
Destination: Wales; Costa del Sol, Spain; Greece
Cost per Person: L115; L250; L325
Time Span: 1 week; 10 days; 2 weeks
Food: three meals a day; not mentioned; bought by the tourists
Accommodation: mountain farmhouses; luxury hotels; on a boat
Special Features: sport, fresh air; sunny weather; fresh air, plenty of sun, and sailing activities

Task 5

A.
1. F
2. T
3. T
4. F

B.
1. C
2. C
3. B
4. A

C.
family, L660, camping, L1499, first-class, swimming pool, night club

Task 6
1. A
2. B
3. C
4. A
5. B
6. C

Task 7

A.
1. B
2. D
3. A
B.
seven

lost his way in the forest; burned his steak; was woken up by the noises made by the people next to him and couldn’t go back to sleep; pouring rain soaked his tent and he slept in his small car; had all his food stolen by animals; car was stuck in the mud, and got a flat tire on the way home

Task 8
1. It is beautiful and peaceful; There is food—fish coconut, and wild bananas; There is fresh water, too
2. The civilized life is too complicated. And the traveling also makes Buck sick.
3. The weather is bad; The food is dull; There is not enough fresh water; There are too many insects; He has nobody to talk to and no books to read
4. some matches; some insecticide; some modern tools—a good axe, a saw, a hammer, and some nails; a radio

Tasks 9

A.
1. c; e; a; b; d
2. c; a; b
B.
1. F
2. T
3. T
4. F

Task 10
I hope I’ve given you a clear idea of the program for your London weekend, and before I finish, let me just give you one or two pieces of advice, which should make your stay more enjoyable. First, please do remember to bring with you some comfortable shoes to wear. London is a big place, and whatever you do you’ll find yourself doing quite a lot of walking, so comfortable shoes are a real necessity. And secondly, let me ask you to please look after your money. Keep it safe at all times, and then you will avoid an unpleasant accident, which could spoil your whole weekend.

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test 1 information Dec 4th, 2007 12:31:42 am - Subscribe
Mood |

Test 1

will cover units 1-6 in the “Contemporary College English” book. The test will have two sections.

Section 1 will be listening to me read a passage and then answering questions about it (multiple choice, fill in the blanks, or true / false questions could all be on the exam). I will allow students time to review the questions about the passage before I read it. This will allow students to focus on key words and phrases. Section 1 will test the student’s ability to focus on key words and phrases, take accurate notes, and then answer questions.
Section 1 will be worth 75% of the test grade.

Section 2 will be dictation. I will read a short passage (only five or six sentences) two times, and students will write down what they hear each time. After the second time I read the passage, students will have time to go back and add words to what they took notes on while listening. Although Section 2, dictation, will have only a few sentences, it will be challenging. Section 2 will test the student’s ability to listen carefully, write down content words, and then put the passage back together using only what they wrote during the dictation.
Section 2 will be worth 25% of the test grade.

Test Dates for All Classes

2007-1C: Monday, November 19; during regular class time

2007-2C: Wednesday, November 21; during regular class time

2007-3C: Friday, November 23; during regular class time

2007-3 (Yuntang Campus): Thursday, November 22; during regular class time

2007-4C: Thursday, November 22; during regular class time

How to Study

Listen to the tapes for the book, reading the questions before listening to the tape. If students are not trying to focus on key words before listening, they are making it much harder for themselves.

Students should practice picking out the content words in what they listen to and read. This will help them focus on the most important words and phrases. Remember that every two “functional” words written down during the test take about the same time as writing one “content” word. Functional words are usually not useful, so practice avoiding them and picking out the content words. Content words are (nouns, adjectives, verbs, and adverbs). Functional words are the other “grammatical” words (pronouns, prepositions, conjunctions, articles/determiners, etc.)

If students need help, they should contact me. I am available during office hours and will do what I can to help everyone prepare.

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unit 4 answers Dec 4th, 2007 12:30:16 am - Subscribe
Mood |

UNIT 4

Task 1
1. He stood up and rang the bell.
2. He wanted to make sure that the driver heard him.
3. The conductor came and shouted at him.
4. The landlady told him that’s the signal for the driver to go on and only the conductor was allowed to ring the bell twice. That’s why the conductor got so annoyed.

Task 2
1. T
2. F
3. F
4. F
5. T
6. T/F (Only two people actually agree, but you might assume they all agree.)

Task 3

A.
answers to blanks in the order they appear in the text: of, without, of, for, to, by, to, to, into, from, with, on, in, around, about
B.
1. …school buses are used only when children live more than a mile from the school. When their children are too young to walk that far, their mothers take turns driving them to school.
2. …they can save gasoline and it is easier for them to find parking places.
3. …too many cars are on the road and have created many problems.

Task 4
1. T
2. F
3. T
4. F

Task 5

A.
1. C
2. B
3. A
4. C
5. A
6. C
7. B
8. C
B.
1. …he would have gotten up on time.
2. …he would have woken James up.
3. …he would have been on the plane that crashed.
4. …he would have lost his life in the crash.

Task 6

A.
1. 1964…the United States
2. safety belts
3. 40
4. about 15
5. 24
B.
1. They do not smoke while driving.
2. They have had more education than non-users.
3. They know someone who was injured (but not killed) in an auto accident.
C.
The main idea is “the importance of using seat belts in driving.”

Task 7 (skipped)

Task 8

A.
1. B
2. A
3. C
B.
1. It was chosen because the cost of energy is not as great as with a bus system.
2. It was chosen because it is much easier to carry a greater number of passengers by train than by bus or car.
3. It was chosen because the noise and pollution are not so great as with buses and cars.
C.
1. …12.5…above and below
2. …Germany…Canada
3. …Calgary
4. …24
5. …only one man
6. …separate
7. …30 seconds
8. …open the doors themselves
9. …automatic ticket machines (placed) on the platforms…zipcards
10. …get a $25 fine

Tasks 9, 10, and 11 (skipped)

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unit 3 answers Dec 4th, 2007 12:28:55 am - Subscribe
Mood |

UNIT 3

Task 1
1. Her hobby is sky-diving. She jumps from an airplane and falls through the air. She opens her parachute only when she is very close to the ground.
2. He wants to organize a band.
3. to win

Task 2

A.
1. F
2. F
3. T
4. T
B.
1. She was taught where to sit in the airplane, how to jump out, how to guide the parachute, and how to land safely on the ground.

Task 3

A.
1. A
2. C
B.
[a]-->[c]-->

Task 4

A.
Matthew Treharne
10
Cambridgeshire, in the East of England
a black belt for karate
this summer
6 years ago
He liked it, and he wanted to be strong.
football and rugby
B.
1. He gives his karate shows near his home in Cambridgeshire.
2. He gives the money away.
3. It was used to buy a heart ventilator, a special machine for people with weak hearts.

Task 5
1. on the wall; in his bath
2. They are constellations.
3. Texas
4. Through writing, she could express herself and get her troubles out. She could only write about things she is reluctant to say in front of a lot of people or some serious matters.
5. the first prize in inter-school competitions

Task 6

A.
1. A
2. B
3. A
B.
1. F
2. T

Task 7

A.
1. B
2. D
B.
1. because the man was fishing in a small pool of rain-water about five centimeters deep.
2. Joe also thought he was out of his mind and pitied him.
3. He was trying to catch some people who are willing to offer him free drinks.
4. eight

Task 8

A.
1. D
2. A
3. B
B.
1. F
2. F

Task 9
1. In the United States a university professor may be granted a few months of freedom from his duties approximately every seventh year for travel or advanced study. This period of freedom from teaching is called a “sabbatical” leave.
2. Some of the usual duties of a college president are giving speeches, dealing with the government, and taking part in various social activities.
3. Dr. Coleman started his sabbatical leave on a farm in Canada, hundreds of miles from his college. Getting up at 4:30 each morning, working 13 hours a day in fields and barns, he prepared himself physically for his next job, digging ditches, in Atlanta, Georgia. After that, the college president washed dishes in a Boston restaurant. During the last ten days of his leave, he worked as a garbage collector. By doing the hard manual labor, Dr. Coleman wanted to remind himself of the common things about people. Therefore he could come to life with the fact that he was just the same as everyone else, not the “powerful” person he might think himself to be after being the college president for too long.
4. After two months of working with his hands, Coleman returned from his unusual sabbatical leave, convinced that the experience had been worthwhile. He had some good things to say about people who do hard physical work. He found that pride and satisfaction came chiefly in the form of praise from co-workers.

Task 10
I love trees because they have many different shades of green—so many that it’s almost impossible to count. When I paint a picture of a tree, I use many shades of green and many more shades of brown. My favorite thing about trees is that they always seem to have a glow around them.
I love trees because they always smell so fresh and clean. I like to go to the nursery because I love the smell of trees—it’s so refreshing. It’s a glass of cool water on a hot day, or a damp cloth on a hot forehead.
One of my favorite things about trees is that they are fun to climb. I started climbing trees when I was very little. My dad taught me how to climb, along with some useful tips. I especially like to climb my grandpa’s apple tree.

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unit 2 answers Dec 4th, 2007 12:27:13 am - Subscribe
Mood |

UNIT 2

Task 1

A
1. elephants
2. chimpanzees
3. giraffes
4. penguins
5. kangaroos
6. zebras
7. polar bears
B
1. and a tail
2. big ears

Task 2

A
1. cheetah
2. 170 kilometers per hour
3. more than 100 kilometers per hour
4. because most animals run on four legs
5. because we have machines
B
1. F
2. F
3. T

Task 3

A
1. Climate, lack of food, and aliens from outer space might be responsible for their extinction.
2. No.
B
1. might have gotten, killed them off
2. may have run out of food
3. could have been destroyed by aliens

Task 4
1. mayfly, a few hours
2. They just do two things: find a mate and produce young.
3. We can judge by the growth rings.
4. It was kept for 152 years.

Task 5

A
People have different opinions on using animals for research.
B
1. for, was tried first on animals, is dependent on, using unwanted animals
2. against, suffer, unnecessary, the same rights
3. cell culture, computer modeling

Task 6

A
1. No.
2. Because zoo officials want him to produce cubs with another female tiger, so they don’t want him to become too interested in this family.
B
1. four months
2. 13 kilograms
3. horse meat, their mother’s milk
4. the National Zoo’s Website
C
1. C
2. C
3. B

Task 7

A
1. Cats have become more popular. There are more pet cats in American homes than dogs.
2. about 8,000 years
3. They probably arrived in the United States from Europe.
4. No.
B
1. food especially prepared for cats, other equipment, with images of cats, in special burial grounds
2. pleasure, care, being alone, independent
C
1. F
2. F
3. T
4. F
5. F

Task 8

Little Steve has a pet rabbit, Bunny. He plays with it every day after school. One day his mother sees that her little boy is holding Bunny by the ears. From time to time he gives the poor rabbit an angry shake and says, “How much is two plus two?” “Steve,” says his mother, “why do you treat your poor little Bunny that way?” “Well,” explains Steve angrily, “our teacher says that rabbits multiply very quickly, but this dummy can’t even add.”

Task 9

Most mammals live on land, but not all of them. Millions of years ago, some mammals went back to the sea and lived there. The legs of these animals disappeared, and after a long time they looked like fish. These animals became whales and dolphins. Whales and dolphins are still like other mammals in many ways. They are warm-blooded and they breathe air. They also have big brains. That is why they are more intelligent than fish. Whales have the biggest brains in the world. Their brain is bigger than the brain of a human being.

Remember to use shorthand and try to write only the content words! Write the stress patterns on top of the words and say the sentences out loud for practice.

Content Words: nouns, adjectives, verbs, adverbs

Functional Words: pronouns (he, she, it, etc.), prepositions (on, in, near, etc.), conjunctions (and, but, however, etc.), articles and determiners (the, a, an, some, any, etc.)

examples:

The diligent, hard-working students carefully read the new blog on the internet and frequently practiced the new techniques.

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unit 1 answers Dec 4th, 2007 12:25:54 am - Subscribe
Mood |

UNIT 1

Task 1

A
1. Susan Hudson and Intercultural Communication
2. The class will meet in the room they are in now and on Tuesdays and Thursdays from 3:15 to 4:50
3. They can purchase the textbooks at the bookstore the day after tomorrow.
4. The office hours are from 1:00 to 2:00 on Wednesdays.
B
1. the first half, the research lab, Thursday, 405, the last two months
2. outline, performance, quizzes, project, participation

Task 2

A
1. According to the syllabus, the book he is looking for is in the library, but he couldn’t find it.
2. That means the student cannot find the book on the shelves in its usual place. The student needs to go to a special room called the reserve room.
3. The professor wants every one in the class to read the chapter. If one student removes the book from the library, it is likely that none of the other students will have the opportunity to read it. So the professor has insured that all students have the opportunity to read it by placing it on reserve.
B
1. F
2. T
3. F

Task 3

A
1. C
2. C
B Undergraduate, five, two, Graduate, fifteen, two, 50, overdue, $15, cannot, 8:00 am, 10:00 pm, 9:00 am, 8:30 pm, Sundays.

Task 4

A
Time to Begin: 8:30, 9:30, 11:15, 1:30, 2:45
Time to Finish: 9:15, around 11, noon, 2:15, 4:30

B
1. Because now they have someone from the international center coming to speak to the students on extracurricular activities.
2. They want to show students around the university, including the union building, the library, and the student services building.

C
1. up to their ears, hard pressed
2. jot, grab, off
3. finding a needle in a haystack
4. bottom line, running

Task 6 (Task 5 skipped)

A
1. F
2. T
3. F

B
1. Most universities will not accept students without this test. It is also used to decide how much financial aid should be given to each student.
2. They must score between 1,430 and 1,600.
3. American universities also look at a student’s subject grades, what they do outside of school, and their teachers’ recommendations.
4. The SAT II is the one-hour exam that can be taken in any subject, for example chemistry or French.

Task 7

A
1. A
2. C
3. D
4. C

B
1. Many students attend special preparation schools besides their regular classes, in order to pass the exam for the best universities such as the national University of Tokyo.
2. These extra schools can last for one to two years between high school and university.

Task 8

A
1. It’s a non-profit-making educational foundation.
2. No, complete beginners are not accepted.
3. Other subjects available within the General English timetable include English for Business and English Literature.

B
1. 200, 30-40, attractive, beautiful, within easy reach of
2. dining rooms, a library, language laboratories, computers, tennis, volleyball, basketball, badminton, football
3. 21
4. 1,130 L
5. Monday, Friday
6. 670 L, 3, 10, 9, 3.5

Task 9

A
1. This school has a capacity of 220 students.
2. It is located in a quiet tree-filled square close to Victoria Station in central London.
3. In addition to the 15 lessons, there are daily individual laboratory sessions and lectures on life in Britain at no extra cost.
4. There is a special 2-week Easter Course and Refresher Courses for overseas teachers of English in the summer.

B
1. F
2. F
3. T

Task 10

A
1. This school, founded in 1953, is a non-profit-making charitable trust.
2. It is situated in residential North Oxford, 3 kilometers from the city center.
3. A particular benefit for the EFL student is the opportunity to live and study with native English speakers taking the two-year International Baccalaureate course, or courses at university level.
4. Their extracurricular activities include sports, horse riding, drama, art, crafts, photography, films, concerts, and excursions.

B
1. an excellent library, video room, science laboratories, coffee bar
2. college houses, a resident warden, family accommodation

Task 11 (skipped)

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