|The Tallest Mountain and the Highest Mountain: What Is the Difference?||
May 16th, 2011 2:56:17 am - Subscribe
|Ask everyone what the highest mountain globally is, and he would in all probability reply "Mount Everest." This answer is right; Mount Everest is indeed the highest mountain internationally. Its height is measured at 29,035 feet (or 8,850 meters) above sea level, as reported by the most recent, most technologically advanced radar and GPS instruments.
Now, ask anyone what the tallest mountain is, and you would probably get the identical answer. Nonetheless, this period, that answer is incorrect. Mount Everest is not the tallest mountain in the world.
"The tallest" and "the highest" may possibly sound synonymous to the majority of people, but there is in fact a distinction between the two. How high a mountain is, is measured from sea rise up to the summit. How tall a mountain is, on the other hand, is measured from its base all the direction to the tip or summit.
Aside from all of these two separate ways of measuring mountains, there is certainly even a third approach. This is completed by measuring the distance from the center of the earth to the summit of the mountain. This is not very generally carried out, nevertheless, and individuals rarely hear of it except in in-depth geologic or geographical lectures and discussions.
From the criterion of "highness" in a mountain, Mount Everest earns the top spot, because it has the greatest measurement from sea level to summit. But from the standpoint of "tallness"-the measurement from the base to the very tip of the mountain-the top spot goes to Mauna Kea, a volcanic mountain in Hawaii. From base to tip, Mauna Kea measures 33,465 feet. In comparison, from base to tip, Mount Everest measures 29,029 feet, that is 4,436 feet shorter. This height distinction translates to more than three-fourths of one-mile!
This means that if the two mountains had been placed side by side and also the ocean level taking away from the picture, Mauna Kea could be beyond Mount Everest by about three-fourth of one-mile. Although if the ocean had been put in the photo, the peak of Mount Everest would appear higher due to the fact an even better part of Mauna Kea could be submerged under the sea.
Measured from sea level upward, Mauna Kea stands only 13,796 feet. By human standards-meaning how it would appear to individuals who lived above sea level (naturally!)-this would appear much shorter than Mount Everest's imposing 29,035-feet height above sea level. Individuals, as they live on land, perceive Mount Everest to be more than twice as high as Mauna Kea.
That explains why Mount Everest is a household name-the highest mountain the world!-and why Mauna Kea is comparatively unheard of.
An additional interesting trivia is that Mount Everest has not arrived at the country its full height however. Its height it's actually growing yearly, though folks will not notice it as the improve is very little-about four to six millimeters in one year. The rise is because of the imperceptible movements of tectonic plates under the ocean bed. Specifically, it really is as a result of the sliding of the Indian Tectonic Plate under the Eurasian Plate. The Indian Tectonic Plate is instantly underneath Mount Everest and other mountains in the Himalayan range. From data accessible, it is estimated that right after about 26,000 years, Mount Everest would have increased in height by about a mile!
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|Discovery the Highest Mountains in America||
May 16th, 2011 2:55:22 am - Subscribe
|In the two American continents, the five tallest mountains all happen to be situated in South The States. Particularly, they can all be found in the Argentinian and Chilean mountain regions. The top five tallest mountains are:
1. Mount Aconcagua - measuring 6,962 meters about sea level, located in Argentina
2. Mount Ojos del Salado - located in Chile, rising 6,891 meters above sea level
three. Mount Pissis - also in Argentina, with a height of 6,793 meters
four. Mount Mercedario - rising 6,770 above sea level within the borders of Argentina and Chile
5. Mount Huascarán - situated in Peru, with a height of 6,768 meters above sea level
The tallest mountain in North America is Mount McKinley in Alaska, U.S.A. It measures 6,194 meters above sea level, hence it does not make it to the Top five list.
The highest mountain in the Americas, Mount Aconcagua, is located in the Andes mountain range. It is located in Argentina, near its border with Chile. It is one of the so-called Seven Summits, or the highest mountains in every of all of the continents in the world. The mountain actually forms part of the Aconcagua Provincial Park.
Mount Aconcagua is really a snowy peak with numerous glacier systems. The name of the mountain can have originally meant "sentinel of stone" or "white sentinel." Mountaineers favor climbing the mountain via an straightforward northern route. Other people prefer a northeastern route by way of the so-called Polish Glacier. Other routes, especially the one by means of the southern slopes, are considerably more awkward.
Next in the list is Mount Ojos del Salado. Its complete name is Nevado Ojos del Salado, which suggests "eyes of the salty river." This name derives from the lagoons or deposits of salt, which look like eyes on the glaciers. The mountain is also a volcano that forms an area of the Andes mountain range, located in Argentina and Chile. It has the distinction of being the tallest volcano inside the whole world. Climbing the mountain requires a long hike pursued by a series of rather hard climbs before the summit is arrived at the country. It was first successfully climbed by Polish mountaineers in 1937.
Mount Pissis, or Monte Pissis in the local dialect, is the third tallest peak in the Americas. It is an extinct volcano, found some 550 kilometers north of Mount Aconcagua, the tallest mountain inside the Western hemisphere.
Some individuals believed that Monte Pissis maybe in fact taller than Mount Ojos del Salado, because a GPS survey once measured the former's height to be 6,882 meters. But consequent measurements proved the assertion to be false.
Like Mount Ojos del Salado, Monte Pissis is in addition found in the Atacama Desert, hence it is mainly dry, and snow can be located in the peak only during the wintertime months. The name of the mountain derives from Pedro José Amadeo Pissis, a French geologist who was once used by the Chilean government.
The last two tallest mountains inside the list are Mount Mercedario in Argentina and Chile, and Mount Huascarán in Yungay, Peru. Mount Mercedario or Cerro Mercedario is an area of the Cordillera de la Ramada mountain range, and it is just about a hundred kilometers away from Mount Aconcagua. In the meantime, Mount Huascarán or Nevado Huascarán is part of the Cordillera Blanca range of the Western Andes in Peru.
|List of Tallest Mountains in Asia||
May 16th, 2011 2:52:20 am - Subscribe
|The five tallest mountain peaks in Asia are likewise the five tallest inside the entire world. The cause of this is as the mighty and extensive Himalayan-Karakoram mountain range is the place to see the fourteen tallest mountains worldwide. This mountain range straddles Tibet (China), Nepal, India and Pakistan.
The tallest mountain is, naturally, Mount Everest. This imposing mountain is all of 8,850 meters high. This is its newest height, as determined by global positioning satellite (GPS) and radar technologies. Mountain Everest, along with other peaks within the Himalayas, is in fact becoming taller with the passing of time, due to the act of tectonic plates underneath. The rise is one thing like 6 millimeters per annum, too small to be detectible by the human senses, but the alter can quite important soon after hundreds or thousands of years.
Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay were the very first persons to climb Mount Everest in 1953. Back then, they estimated it to be 8,840 meters high, that is extremely accurate given the cruder methods of height estimation after that.
Tibetan locals call the mountain Chomolungma, meaning "goddess of the sky." The name Everest was adopted by the Royal Geographical Society (inside the Great Britain), following 1 of its surveyor generals of India, Sir George Everest. This English name stuck, and it really is now the official name of this magnificent mountain.
It is considered a fantastic feat of endurance to climb to the quite summit of Mount Everest. To date, practically five,000 people have climbed up to the peak, and some 216 individuals have died whilst trying to accomplish so.
The second highest mountain is Mount K2, the original surveyor's name for it as the second mountain listed within the Karakoram mountain range (Karakoram No. 2). K2 is geographically portion of China and Pakistan. It was first scaled on July 31, 1954, by an Italian team of mountaineers led by Achille Compagnoni and Lino Lacedelli.
Mount K2 is 8,611 meters high, that is pretty near to Mount Everest's height. But perhaps much more tough to climb, as a consequence of the extreme cold, some quite steep areas, and treacherous conditions. Numerous individuals have died endeavoring to scale Mount K2, and lots of climbing expeditions failed following extremely well prepared and brave attempts. At 1 point in time, people believed it was hopeless to get to the mountaintop. But with the effective climbing of Mt. Everest, there was renewed enthusiasm among mountaineers to try to reach the top of Mount K2 also.
The nearby name for Mount K2 is Chogori, which literally translates as "big mountain." Other people call it Mount Godwin-Austen, right after an early explorer named Henry Godwin-Austen. One more name for it, less identified but extremely apt, is "the savage mountain." Mount K2 is considered the second hardest-to-climb mountain. It too has the second highest fatality rate; out of every single four people who successfully got to the country its peak, there's one who died inside the attempt. No you have ever dared climb it within the harsh winter.
The third, fourth and fifth tallest mountains are:
• Mount Kangchenjunga, which is 8,586 meters high, and located in the Nepal-India side of the Himalayas
• Mount Lhotse, located in the Nepal-Tibet border, at 8,516 meters above sea level
• Mouth Makalu, with an imposing height of 8,463 meters, also located in the Nepal-Tibet part of the Himalayas
Fascinating, all three were first scaled inside the month of May, in 1955 and 1956. Summer is the preferred time for climbing as it is easier to do than in the winter. The climbing of Mount Everest in 1953 supplied the impetus for mountaineers to attempt scaling these formidable giants of a mountain that had been once thought to be unclimbable.
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|The Five Tallest Mountains in Europe||
May 16th, 2011 2:43:01 am - Subscribe
|The five tallest mountains in Europe are:
1. Mount Elbrus - having a height of five,642 meters, located in Russia
2. Mount Dykh-Tau - having a height of five,205 meters, also located in Russia
three. Mount Shkhara - located 5,201 meters above sea level in Georgia
4. Mount Koshtan-Tau - located in Russia, having a height of 5,152 meters
five. Mount Agri Dagi or Mount Ararat - located in Turkey, at five,137 meters above sea level
The first four mountains in the list are found in the Caucasus Mountain Range. There gives rise to some controversy, because this mountain range is component of both Europe and Asia (or Eurasia). Turkey, the location of the last mountain within the list, also forms portion of Eurasia.
If one considers these areas to be associated with Europe, then the list of tallest mountains above is correct. But if 1 considers them to be Asian, then the list would be inaccurate. The revised list would have Mont Blanc, a mountain in the Italian-French border of the Alps, as the highest mountain in Europe.
Traditionally, although, mountaineers and many others regard Mount Elbrus as the tallest mountains in Europe, no matter whether this is politically or geographically accurate or not. The remainder of the mountains of the Caucasus are also considered component of Europe, traditionally speaking.
Mount Elbrus utilized to be called Mount Strobilus. Legend has it that this was where Prometheus was chained to a rock at the behest of the supreme god Zeus. The mountain is in reality an extinct volcano. It really is snowy and the summit is ice-capped all the time. It is best climbed within the months of June to September. It was first scaled in 1874 by F. Crauford Grove, A. W. Moore, F. Gardiner, Horace Walker, and Pete Knubel. As soon as arrived at the country, the summit provides a magnificent view of the Caucasus Mountains.
The next tallest European mountain is Mount Dykh-Tau, also an area of the Caucasus Mountains. The very first persons to successfully climb it, in 1888, were A. F. Mummery and H. Zurfluh. It is a extremely difficult climb up to today, because of the steep sides, the snow, and its windswept walls and ridges.
Next is Mount Shkhara, found in the Caucasus within the country of Georgia, at an elevation of about five,193 meters. Like Mount Dykh-Tau, it was initially climbed in 1888. The very first effective climbers had been U. Almer, J. Cockin and C. Roth. This British/Swiss team took the easier North East Ridge route, but there's a much more arduous and hard route up which is known as the "Bezingi Wall." This route is incredibly tough to cross, and only the fittest, most nicely trained mountaineers attempt it. It was first traversed in 1931 by a team of Austrian mountaineers that included K. Poppinger, K. Moldan, and S. Schintlmeister.
Not too far away is Mount Koshtan-Tau, the fourth tallest mountain in Europe. This is located in the Koshtan massif of the central Caucasus range. Geographically, it forms part of Russia, near its Georgian boundary.
Finally, the last mountain on the list is perhaps the most world-famous inside the group. Mount Ararat in northeast Turkey, also referred to as Mount Agri Dagi, is an extinct volcano that is thought to be the landing site of Noah's Ark right after the biblical Fantastic Flood. This mountain is located near the Iranian and Armenian borders of Turkey, and there is certainly a smaller twin mountain nearby called Little Ararat. Mount Ararat is considered holy by many people. There utilised to be a small town with a convent and a chapel along its slopes, but these had been buried in an earthquake in 1840.
|Adventure to the Highest Mountains in the World||
May 16th, 2011 2:33:57 am - Subscribe
|Among the tallest mountains internationally, the top five are all located in Asia. In fact, the fourteen tallest mountains worldwide are all situated in Asia. They're all within a specific area called the Himalayan and Karakoram mountain ranges. These mountain ranges span the nations of Nepal, Pakistan and Tibet (China).
The five tallest mountains and their heights are:
1. Mt. Everest - 8,850 meters (above sea level)
2. K2 (Godwin Austen) - 8,612 meters
3. Kanchenjunga - 8,586 meters
4. Lhotse I - 8,501 meters
5. Makalu I - 8,462 meters
Practically everyone has heard of this tallest mountain the world, that is found in the Himalayan region in Nepal and China. The natives in Nepal call this mountain Sagarmatha, meaning "goddess of the sky." Himalayas, the mountain range, means "abode of snow." These names are very correct. The snow in the mountain range never melts, even in summer. And Mount Everest is so high up in the sky that a great many climbers wear oxygen masks to be in a position to breathe near and at the peak. The higher an individual climbs up the mountain, the less oxygen there is, making it harder and harder to breathe. An untrained person will become dizzy and light-headed, and he can die if no medical intervention is given.
The first two people to climb Mount Everest were Sir Edmund Hillary and his guide, Tenzing Norgay. They wore oxygen masks when they made their historic ascent in 1953.
Mount K2 (Godwin Austen)
This second tallest mountain is K2, situated in Pakistan and China. It was first scaled in 1954 by an Italian team which included Achille Compagnoni and Lino Lacedelli. Before this, many climbers in primary expeditions tried to reach the peak, all unsuccessfully, and a great deal of people thought that possibly the peak of this mountain wasn't at all reachable. The 1954 expedition included 11 climbers (one of whom died on the way to the peak), six scientists, and no less than 500 porters. Only Compagnoni and Lacedelli actually managed to get to the top. This fabulous remote and tough mountain peak is so named for being the second mountain in the Karakoram group of mountains (Karakoram-2), as listed by the surveyor T. G. Montgomery in 1856. K2, or Ketu, is often locally remarked as Chogori, which suggests "Great Mountain." K2 is also from time-to-time called Mount Godwin-Austen, in honor of the person who managed the 1856 survey.
Also found in the Himalayas on the Nepal/Indian side, this third tallest mountain was believed to be the highest mountain in the world in the past, up to the year 1849. It is in addition extremely tough to scale. Apart from its imposing height, it is almost always visited by avalanches and mudslides. The first persons to scale it were the British explorers George Band and Joe Brown in 1955. The local Sikkimese people consider this mountain sacred. Its name means "the Five Treasures of the Great Snow." There are five other peaks arising from the glaciers around Kangchenjunga.
This peak was first scaled in 1956 by a Swiss team of mountaineers led by Ernst Reiss and Fritz Luchsinger. The group was attempting to climb to the height of Mount Everest, and they went by Mount Lhotse as a choice route. Mount Lhotse is in the Central Himalayas, in Nepal and China.
Mount Makalu is also in the Central Himalayas. It is a solitary peak near to Mount Everest. It is beautifully formed, as near to an ideal pyramid as can be, with four sharp ridges that make for a very challenging climb. The mountain is lauded for being possibly the most structurally stunning in the Himalayan region.
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